Modulation of Leukocyte Adhesion by P-selectin/PSGL-1 Signaling Leukocyte recruitment entails a cascade of cellular events, including rolling and firm adhesion of responding cells. P-selectin (CD62P), P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1, CD162) and beta2-integrins are endothelial and leukocyte cell adhesion molecules essential for innate immunity and inflammation. The interaction of P-selectin with PSGL-1 mediates leukocyte rolling, during which they become sufficiently activated in situ by locally released or displayed cytokines and chemoattractants for beta2-integrin-mediated firm adhesion. However, the mechanisms for feedback regulation of P-selectin adhesion activity and P- selectin-induced beta2-integrin activation remain undetermined. Nef-associated factor 1 (Nafl) is an endogenous inhibitor for NF-kappaB activation. Serum amyloid P component (SAP) is an acute phase protein synthesized and secreted rapidly by hepatocytes in response to various inflammatory mediators. In the preliminary studies, we found that Naf1 formed a stable complex with the cytoplasmic tail of PSGL-1. Engagement of PSGL-1 by P-selectin phosphorylated the Y552PPM motif of Naf1 for recruiting p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and triggering the signaling cascade that culminated in activation of alphaMbeta2 (CD11bCD18, Mac-1). In addition, we observed that SAP interacted with P-selectin and acted as an endogenous inhibitor of PSGL-1 for P-selectin recognition. In this grant application, we propose 1) to define the functional importance of P-selectin-induced activation of alphaMbeta2;2) to determine the biological significance of the PSGL-1-Naf1-p85 signaling pathway for modulation of alphaMbeta2 activity;and 3) to explore the regulation of P-selectin adhesion activity by SAP. Overall, this study will not only enhance our understanding of molecular mechanisms that precisely determine leukocyte fates in the multi- step paradigm of leukocyte recruitment, but also discover novel therapeutic targets for prevention and treatment of inflammatory disorders.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01AI064743-06
Application #
8015601
Study Section
Erythrocyte and Leukocyte Biology Study Section (ELB)
Program Officer
Minnicozzi, Michael
Project Start
2007-02-01
Project End
2013-01-31
Budget Start
2011-02-01
Budget End
2013-01-31
Support Year
6
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$373,775
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Biology
Type
Schools of Dentistry
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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