Innate immune receptors trigger inflammation, activate microbial killing mechanisms, and instruct the development of acquired immune responses. The Toll-like receptor (TLR) family of innate immune recognition receptors is currently the most completely described family of innate receptors. These receptors play crucial roles in recognizing a wide range of microbial products, trigger NF-(B activation and production of a host of cytokines and chemokines, and have been demonstrated to be essential for effective host defense against many pathogens. However, TLRs do not activate all innate host defenses, and additional """"""""non-TLR"""""""" innate immune receptors trigger phagocytosis, activate antimicrobial killing mechanisms, shape the consequences of TLR signaling, and are likely equally essential for effective host defense. Currently very few of these non-TLR innate receptors have been defined. We have established the ?-glucan receptor Dectin-1 as one model for non-TLR based innate immune recognition. This receptor triggers phagocytosis of ?-glucan-containing particles (such as yeast) and activates production of antimicrobial reactive oxygen species. Dectin-1 signaling also collaborates with TLR signaling to orchestrate cellular cytokine and chemokine production. While TLR signaling is relatively well-understood and shares much in common with cytokine receptor signaling, we have discovered that Dectin-1 signaling shares much in common with antigen receptor signaling. Thus signaling pathways generally associated with acquired immunity including the Src/Syk and NFAT (Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells) pathways are activated in phagocytes upon exposure to zymosan or yeast. We will examine the hypothesis that innate immune activation of NFAT is an important component of inflammatory responses.
In Aim 1 will define the mechanisms by which Dectin-1 and yeast activate Src family kinases and Syk in macrophages, dendritic cells, and neutrophils.
In Aim 2 we will explore the mechanisms by which Dectin-1 activates NFAT and the consequences of NFAT activation on inflammatory responses in vitro.
In Aim 3 we will define the effect of the role of Dectin-1 and NFAT signaling in innate and adaptive immune responses in vivo.
|Skalski, Joseph H; Limon, Jose J; Sharma, Purnima et al. (2018) Expansion of commensal fungus Wallemia mellicola in the gastrointestinal mycobiota enhances the severity of allergic airway disease in mice. PLoS Pathog 14:e1007260|
|Hassanzadeh-Kiabi, Nargess; Yáñez, Alberto; Dang, Ivy et al. (2017) Autocrine Type I IFN Signaling in Dendritic Cells Stimulated with Fungal ?-Glucans or Lipopolysaccharide Promotes CD8 T Cell Activation. J Immunol 198:375-382|
|Ma, Jun; Becker, Courtney; Reyes, Christopher et al. (2014) Cutting edge: FYCO1 recruitment to dectin-1 phagosomes is accelerated by light chain 3 protein and regulates phagosome maturation and reactive oxygen production. J Immunol 192:1356-60|
|Yáñez, Alberto; Hassanzadeh-Kiabi, Nargess; Ng, Madelena Y et al. (2013) Detection of a TLR2 agonist by hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells impacts the function of the macrophages they produce. Eur J Immunol 43:2114-25|
|Ma, Jun; Underhill, David M (2013) *-Glucan signaling connects phagocytosis to autophagy. Glycobiology 23:1047-51|
|Iliev, Iliyan D; Funari, Vincent A; Taylor, Kent D et al. (2012) Interactions between commensal fungi and the C-type lectin receptor Dectin-1 influence colitis. Science 336:1314-7|
|Ma, Jun; Becker, Courtney; Lowell, Clifford A et al. (2012) Dectin-1-triggered recruitment of light chain 3 protein to phagosomes facilitates major histocompatibility complex class II presentation of fungal-derived antigens. J Biol Chem 287:34149-56|
|Goodridge, Helen S; Reyes, Christopher N; Becker, Courtney A et al. (2011) Activation of the innate immune receptor Dectin-1 upon formation of a 'phagocytic synapse'. Nature 472:471-5|
|Goodridge, Helen S; Shimada, Takahiro; Wolf, Andrea J et al. (2009) Differential use of CARD9 by dectin-1 in macrophages and dendritic cells. J Immunol 182:1146-54|