The long-term goal of our research has been to understand how cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinases regulate the growth properties of immune cells in response to extracellular stimuli. Our current focus is on the tyrosine kinase, Syk, which was discovered as part of this work. Through its substrates and binding partners, Syk couples the B cell receptor for antigen (BCR) to multiple intracellular signaling pathways resulting in one of several possible physiological outcomes that can vary from proliferation to apoptosis depending on the repertoire of downstream signals that are sent. Syk has functions not easily explained by its known activities and its known substrates at the site of the clustered BCR complex including an ability to suppress cellular responses to apoptotic stimuli. This function has made Syk an attractive target for anti-cancer therapeutics. The mechanism by which Syk dissociates from the BCR complex and is subsequently targeted to other cellular docking sites will be investigated as will the nature of these alternative binding proteins. The putative substrates that Syk phosphorylates as a consequence of its re-localization, as identified by sophisticated mass spectrometric analyses, will be characterized and the consequences of their phosphorylation analyzed to investigate new pathways that are regulated directly by Syk. These studies will be extended to primary B cells using cells derived from a new mouse model in which the activity of Syk can be unambiguously inhibited using a powerful chemical genetics approach. We plan to accomplish three specific aims: 1) to characterize the role of tyrosine-130 phosphorylation in the modulation of Syk-receptor and Syk-protein interactions, 2) to characterize novel Syk substrates and signaling pathways identified through proteomic and phosphoproteomic screens, and 3) to characterize the role of Syk in signaling in primary B cells through chemical genetics. Methodologies to be employed include 1) biochemical and physical evaluations of protein-peptide and protein- protein interactions, 2) proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses of interacting proteins and kinase substrates, 3) molecular and cellular studies on protein function and 4) the use of chemical inhibitors to block kinase function in cells derived from genetically manipulated mice expressing an engineered kinase.
This project focuses on an enzyme known as Syk that is absolutely required for the B lymphocyte components of the immune system to recognize and respond to infectious pathogens. Its activation can stimulate the responding B lymphocytes to expand in numbers and develop the ability to make antibodies to ward off the infection. Since, this ability of Syk to trigger a proliferative response can also provide a way for leukemia and lymphoma cells to proliferate, an understanding of Syk's functions is critical for identifying suitable therapeutic agents and drug targets.
|Efremov, Yuri M; Wang, Wen-Horng; Hardy, Shana D et al. (2017) Measuring nanoscale viscoelastic parameters of cells directly from AFM force-displacement curves. Sci Rep 7:1541|
|Iliuk, Anton; Jayasundera, Keerthi; Wang, Wen-Horng et al. (2015) In-Depth Analyses of B Cell Signaling Through Tandem Mass Spectrometry of Phosphopeptides Enriched by PolyMAC. Int J Mass Spectrom 377:744-753|
|Krisenko, Mariya O; Cartagena, Alexander; Raman, Arvind et al. (2015) Nanomechanical property maps of breast cancer cells as determined by multiharmonic atomic force microscopy reveal Syk-dependent changes in microtubule stability mediated by MAP1B. Biochemistry 54:60-8|
|McGee, Reginald L; Krisenko, Mariya O; Geahlen, Robert L et al. (2015) A Computational Study of the Effects of Syk Activity on B Cell Receptor Signaling Dynamics. Processes (Basel) 3:75-97|
|Krisenko, Mariya O; Higgins, Reneé L; Ghosh, Soumitra et al. (2015) Syk Is Recruited to Stress Granules and Promotes Their Clearance through Autophagy. J Biol Chem 290:27803-15|
|Krisenko, Mariya O; Geahlen, Robert L (2015) Calling in SYK: SYK's dual role as a tumor promoter and tumor suppressor in cancer. Biochim Biophys Acta 1853:254-63|
|Cartagena-Rivera, Alexander X; Wang, Wen-Horng; Geahlen, Robert L et al. (2015) Fast, multi-frequency, and quantitative nanomechanical mapping of live cells using the atomic force microscope. Sci Rep 5:11692|
|Ghosh, Soumitra; Geahlen, Robert L (2015) Stress Granules Modulate SYK to Cause Microglial Cell Dysfunction in Alzheimer's Disease. EBioMedicine 2:1785-98|
|Geahlen, Robert L (2014) Getting Syk: spleen tyrosine kinase as a therapeutic target. Trends Pharmacol Sci 35:414-22|
|Wang, Wen-Horng; Childress, Michael O; Geahlen, Robert L (2014) Syk interacts with and phosphorylates nucleolin to stabilize Bcl-x(L) mRNA and promote cell survival. Mol Cell Biol 34:3788-99|
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