AAV vector has recently been used to deliver single chain Fv immunoadhesin (scFVI) versions of rhesus monkey antibodies with neutralizing activity against SIV. High, persisting levels of scFVI were achieved in 6 of 9 rhesus monkeys and these six exhibited a sterilizing barrier against SIV challenge. Three of the nine monkeys developed antibody responses to the scFVI that they received and these three were not protected against SIV challenge. Two different approaches will be compared for AAV vector delivery of the authentic IgG version of these scFVIs. We will determine whether delivery of authentic IgG decreases the frequency with which anti-anti responses are observed. We will determine whether AAV vector can be used to deliver dimeric secretory IgA and whether secretory IgA provides a more effective barrier to SIV infection by the mucosal route. Finally, we will determine whether antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity is important for the protective effects of the IgG versions of 4L6 and 5L7. Results from these experiments in rhesus monkeys will inform and guide development of analogous vectors for the prevention of HIV-1 infection in humans.

Public Health Relevance

Successful strategies have not been devised for the elicitation of antibodies with potent broadly-neutralizing activity against field strains of HIV-1. Use of AAV vector to deliver predefined antibodies with potent, broadly-neutralizing activity is a novel promising strategy for creating a sterilizing barrier to HIV-1 infection. Results from the proposed experiments in rhesus monkeys will inform and guide development of such vectors for the prevention of HIV-1 infection in humans.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
HIV/AIDS Vaccines Study Study Section (VACC)
Program Officer
Schultz, Alan M
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Miami School of Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Coral Gables
United States
Zip Code
Martinez-Navio, José M; Fuchs, Sebastian P; Pedreño-López, Sònia et al. (2016) Host Anti-antibody Responses Following Adeno-associated Virus-mediated Delivery of Antibodies Against HIV and SIV in Rhesus Monkeys. Mol Ther 24:76-86
Fuchs, Sebastian P; Martinez-Navio, José M; Piatak Jr, Michael et al. (2015) AAV-Delivered Antibody Mediates Significant Protective Effects against SIVmac239 Challenge in the Absence of Neutralizing Activity. PLoS Pathog 11:e1005090