This second revision of a new grant application revolves around pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ectopic mineralization of connective tissues in a variety of organs, including the skin, the eyes, and the cardiovascular system, with considerable morbidity and mortality. PXE is now known to result from mutations in the ABCC6 gene which encodes the multi-drug resistance-associated protein 6 (MRP6), a putative transmembrane transporter, expressed primarily in the liver, to a lesser extent in proximal tubules of kidneys, and at very low levels, if at all, in tissues afflicted by PXE. Adding to the complexity of this disorder are the observations that there is considerable both inter- and intra-familial heterogeneity, the diagnosis is often delayed due to late onset of manifestations, and a number of environmental and life-style variables appear to modulate the progression and eventual outcome of the disease. The pathomechanistic details leading from altered ABCC6 expression to aberrant mineralization in peripheral tissues are currently unknown. Specifically, the function of MRP6 and its physiologic ligand(s) remain undisclosed. This application will take advantage of the general progress made in understanding the ABC transporters and of our recent development of model systems to study this disorder. The application represents a consortium between three major research groups that will address the following Specific Aims: 1) The Abcc6-/- Mice as a Phenotypic Model of PXE;2) Characterization of Human ABCC6/MRP6 Transporter and Search for the Physiological Substrates.
The Specific Aim 1 proposes development of parabiosis and plasma/candidate protein supplementation, with extensive characterization of Abcc6-/- mice, as models for PXE.
The Specific Aim 2 proposes state-of-the-art technologies to identify physiologic substrate(s) for MRP6 with global and candidate molecule approaches. Such physiologic substrates will then be used for structure-function studies of MRP6.
These specific aims test the unifying hypothesis that PXE is a heritable disorder at the genome/environment interface, with an overall goal to define the molecular events that lead to phenotypic expression of PXE. The feasibility of this application is attested by our recent development of a mouse model for PXE through targeted ablation of the Abcc6 gene, and by establishment of the insect cell transport system to study the details of the MRP6 transport mechanisms as well as the effects of PXE mutations on it. It is expected that the results of this study will provide novel insights into the pathomechanistic pathways leading to aberrant mineralization in PXE and related heritable disorders, with perspective to common traits in general population, such as age-associated macular degeneration and arteriosclerosis. Understanding of such pathways is expected to provide opportunities for development of novel pharmacologic approaches to ameliorate, and perhaps cure, these currently intractable conditions. PUBLIC HEALTH REVELANCE. This research project revolves around pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), a heritable disorder characterized by ectopic mineralization of connective tissues, with considerable morbidity and mortality. The overall goal of these studies is to identify the pathomechanistic pathways leading to abnormal mineralization, with translational implications. The results are expected to provide novel approaches to ameliorate, and perhaps cure, PXE and other related, currently intractable, mineralization disorders.
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|Li, Qiaoli; Kingman, Joshua; Sundberg, John P et al. (2016) Dual Effects of Bisphosphonates on Ectopic Skin and Vascular Soft Tissue Mineralization versus Bone Microarchitecture in a Mouse Model of Generalized Arterial Calcification of Infancy. J Invest Dermatol 136:275-83|
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|Li, Qiaoli; Kingman, Joshua; Uitto, Jouni (2015) Mineral content of the maternal diet influences ectopic mineralization in offspring of Abcc6(-/-) mice. Cell Cycle 14:3184-9|
|Kiss, Katalin; Kucsma, Nora; Brozik, Anna et al. (2015) Role of the N-terminal transmembrane domain in the endo-lysosomal targeting and function of the human ABCB6 protein. Biochem J 467:127-39|
|Jin, Liang; Jiang, Qiujie; Wu, Zhengsheng et al. (2015) Genetic heterogeneity of pseudoxanthoma elasticum: the Chinese signature profile of ABCC6 and ENPP1 mutations. J Invest Dermatol 135:1294-302|
|Li, Qiaoli; Sundberg, John P; Levine, Michael A et al. (2015) The effects of bisphosphonates on ectopic soft tissue mineralization caused by mutations in the ABCC6 gene. Cell Cycle 14:1082-9|
|Sundberg, John P; Dadras, Soheil S; Silva, Kathleen A et al. (2015) Excavating the Genome: Large-Scale Mutagenesis Screening for the Discovery of New Mouse Models. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 17:27-9|
|Li, Qiaoli; Kingman, Joshua; Sundberg, John P et al. (2015) Dual Effects of Bisphosphonates on Ectopic Skin and Vascular Soft Tissue Mineralization versus Bone Microarchitecture in a Mouse Model of Generalized Arterial Calcification of Infancy. J Invest Dermatol :|
|Sundberg, John P; McElwee, Kevin; Brehm, Michael A et al. (2015) Animal Models for Alopecia Areata: What and Where? J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 17:23-6|
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