Adult tissue stem cells are thought to be responsible for maintaining tissue homeostasis and regeneration following injury in somatic tissues. Thus, basic understating of the biology of tissue-specific stem cells and the signaling pathways the control their behavior is critical for their potential application in the treatment of disease. The Drosophila Hippo pathway regulates organ size through regulation of the transcriptional activator Yorkie. We have recently demonstrated that Hippo signaling is active in mammalian tissues and that it can also regulate organ size. Particularly, in the skin, the transcriptional effector of the Hippo pathway, YAP1, is essential for proper epidermal tissue expansion during development. Over-activation of YAP1 leads to progenitor expansion and tumor development. The specific hypothesis here is that the Hippo pathway acts on stem cell compartments and expands undifferentiated progenitor cells when needed during tissue growth, and during tumorigenesis. In this proposal, we aim to gain novel mechanistic insight into the role of Hippo signaling in skin biology. Our proposal makes use of unique genetic tools that our laboratory has generated.
In Aim 1, we propose to utilize a Hippo-signaling sensor to characterize the cells in the skin that have highest levels Yap activity. Additionally, we will fully characterize the developmental abnormalities caused by the loss of YAP and its homologue TAZ in the skin.
In Aim 2, we will identify and characterize the critical mediators of YAP activity using genome-wide binding analysis in primary epidermal progenitors. Finally in Aim 3, we will explore a previously under-appreciated relationship between Hippo and Hedgehog signaling during epidermal basal cell carcinoma growth. Our studies could lead to a better understanding of epidermal stem cell biology, and new models and strategies for expansion, characterization and manipulation of these critical cells for therapeutic purposes.

Public Health Relevance

The barrier that normal tissues encounter when they have reached the correct size is likely to impact on the very early stages of tumorigenesis. Here we propose to elucidate how a pathway that regulates organ size in mammals controls stem cells, which are thought to be key players in tumorigenesis, and is deregulated in cancer. A more complete understanding of how activity of this pathway is controlled during development and deregulated during tumorigenesis may highlight suitable targets for future cancer therapeutics.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01AR064036-02
Application #
8545672
Study Section
Development - 2 Study Section (DEV2)
Program Officer
Baker, Carl
Project Start
2012-09-17
Project End
2017-08-31
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$371,925
Indirect Cost
$158,175
Name
Children's Hospital Boston
Department
Type
DUNS #
076593722
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
Mohseni, Morvarid; Sun, Jianlong; Lau, Allison et al. (2014) A genetic screen identifies an LKB1-MARK signalling axis controlling the Hippo-YAP pathway. Nat Cell Biol 16:108-17
Yimlamai, Dean; Christodoulou, Constantina; Galli, Giorgio G et al. (2014) Hippo pathway activity influences liver cell fate. Cell 157:1324-38
Tremblay, Annie M; Missiaglia, Edoardo; Galli, Giorgio G et al. (2014) The Hippo transducer YAP1 transforms activated satellite cells and is a potent effector of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma formation. Cancer Cell 26:273-87
Mori, Masaki; Triboulet, Robinson; Mohseni, Morvarid et al. (2014) Hippo signaling regulates microprocessor and links cell-density-dependent miRNA biogenesis to cancer. Cell 156:893-906
Barry, Evan R; Morikawa, Teppei; Butler, Brian L et al. (2013) Restriction of intestinal stem cell expansion and the regenerative response by YAP. Nature 493:106-10
Halder, Georg; Camargo, Fernando D (2013) The hippo tumor suppressor network: from organ size control to stem cells and cancer. Cancer Res 73:6389-92