Cyclophosphamide (CP) and its analogs are widely used in bone marrow transplantation for myeloid leukemias (MLs). A major perceived clinical problem is the development of leukemic cell resistance to CP, with subsequent clinical resistance and progressive disease. The applicant hypothesizes that A) a significant component of clinical resistance to CP does in fact derive from tumor cell resistance, B) while elevated aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) is a major contributor to tumor-cell resistance, additional genetic mechanisms are also important factors in the resistance of ML to CP analogs, and C) an increased understanding of CP resistance will yield strategies for its prevention, or once it has developed, for its circumvention. To this end, the applicant proposes to study human leukemic cell lines with experimentally-induced resistance to the in vitro active CP analogs 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide and phosphorodiamidic mustard. Specifically the applicant will: 1) define the biochemical mechanisms of leukemic cell resistance to in vitro active CP analogs, 2) define the genetic characteristics of each cell line using comparative genomic hybridization and differential display of mRNA to identify consistent genetic resistance markers, and 3) apply the information gained from the above studies to generate a panel of molecular probes that can ultimately be used to interface with techniques such as fluorescent in situ hybridization and flow cytometry to enable a critical evaluation of the hypothesis that a significant component of clinical resistance to CP analogs does indeed derive from tumor-cell resistance.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01CA067270-01A1
Application #
2110911
Study Section
Experimental Therapeutics Subcommittee 1 (ET)
Project Start
1996-07-01
Project End
2000-04-30
Budget Start
1996-07-01
Budget End
1997-04-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
1996
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Department
Other Basic Sciences
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
001910777
City
Houston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77030
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Andersson, Borje S; Murray, David (2002) Model studies of cyclophosphamide resistance in human myeloid leukemia. Cancer Treat Res 112:211-35
Sladek, Norman E (2002) Leukemic cell insensitivity to cyclophosphamide and other oxazaphosphorines mediated by aldehyde dehydrogenase(s). Cancer Treat Res 112:161-75
Murray, D; Vallee-Lucic, Loretta; Rosenberg, Elizabeth et al. (2002) Sensitivity of nucleotide excision repair-deficient human cells to ionizing radiation and cyclophosphamide. Anticancer Res 22:21-6
Munker, R; Zhao, S; Jiang, S et al. (1998) Further characterization of cyclophosphamide resistance: expression of CD95 and of bcl-2 in a CML cell line. Leuk Res 22:1073-7