To describe the tobacco industry's corporate social responsibility initiatives and asses their implications for tobacco control, and to analyze the impact of these initiatives on media framing of th industry and smoking behavior. Tobacco use is the most important single preventable cause of death an disease in the U.S., increasing risks for lung and other cancers and other serious illnesses. Considerabl evidence suggests that in addition to individual behavior change, interventions to prevent tobacco relate cancers must focus on changing the cultural and policy contexts of tobacco use. Industry delegitimizatio and isolation strategies, including media campaigns, have contributed to building a nationwide grassroot movement against tobacco use and countering industry efforts to derail local smokefree policies, which hav been shown to be effective in reducing tobacco use. However, the ongoing effectiveness of suc approaches may be jeopardized by the tobacco industry's recent, aggressively-promoted corporatesocia responsibility initiatives.
Specific Aims : #1) Retrieve and analyze tobacco industry documents in order t describe tobacco industry efforts to: a) use corporate social responsibility initiatives for public relations an marketing purposes;b) sustain and increase the social acceptability of smoking;c) use corporate socia responsibility initiatives to influence tobacco control policymaking;d) position corporate social responsibilit initiatives as a defense against litigation;e) establish itself as a source of health information;f) creat alliances with public health groups, both tobacco- and non-tobacco-related;g) sow divisions within th tobacco control movement;and h) undermine tobacco control efforts that focus on smoking denormalizatio and tobacco industry delegitimization. #2): Assess the influence of tobacco industry corporate socia responsibility initiatives on media framing of a) the tobacco industry and b) smoking behavior. Thi descriptive project will utilize archival research and content and frames analyses.This innovative study o tobacco industry corporate social responsibility efforts will provide new knowledge essential for formulatin proactive public health responses to these industry initiatives, and contribute to theoretical understandings o framing in relation to public health issues. In addition, it will enhance understanding of the industry's role i promoting the social acceptability of smoking.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01CA120138-05
Application #
7786211
Study Section
Community Influences on Health Behavior (CIHB)
Program Officer
Bloch, Michele H
Project Start
2006-05-30
Project End
2012-03-31
Budget Start
2010-04-01
Budget End
2012-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$339,109
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Nursing
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
van der Eijk, Yvette; McDaniel, Patricia A; Glantz, Stanton A et al. (2017) United Nations Global Compact: an 'Inroad' into the UN and reputation boost for the tobacco industry. Tob Control :
McDaniel, Patricia A; Lown, E Anne; Malone, Ruth E (2017) ""It doesn't seem to make sense for a company that sells cigarettes to help smokers stop using them"": A case study of Philip Morris's involvement in smoking cessation. PLoS One 12:e0183961
McDaniel, Patricia A; Cadman, Brie; Malone, Ruth E (2016) Shared vision, shared vulnerability: A content analysis of corporate social responsibility information on tobacco industry websites. Prev Med 89:337-44
Lown, E Anne; McDaniel, Patricia A; Malone, Ruth E (2016) Tobacco is ""our industry and we must support it"": Exploring the potential implications of Zimbabwe's accession to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Global Health 12:2
McDaniel, Patricia A; Malone, Ruth E (2015) ""What Is Our Story?"" Philip Morris's Changing Corporate Narrative. Am J Public Health 105:e68-75
McDaniel, Patricia A; Malone, Ruth E (2012) ""The Big WHY"": Philip Morris's failed search for corporate social value. Am J Public Health 102:1942-50
McDaniel, Patricia A; Malone, Ruth E (2012) British American Tobacco's partnership with Earthwatch Europe and its implications for public health. Glob Public Health 7:14-28
McCandless, Phyra M; Yerger, Valerie B; Malone, Ruth E (2012) Quid pro quo: tobacco companies and the black press. Am J Public Health 102:739-50
Yang, Joshua S; McDaniel, Patricia A; Malone, Ruth E (2012) 'A question of balance': addressing the public health impacts of multinational enterprises in the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. Glob Public Health 7:1045-61
Malone, Ruth E; Grundy, Quinn; Bero, Lisa A (2012) Tobacco industry denormalisation as a tobacco control intervention: a review. Tob Control 21:162-70

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