Regulation and function of the YAP transcription co-activator oncoprotein The yes-associated protein YAP is a potent transcription co-activator. Recent genetic studies have implicated YAP as a candidate oncogene in human chromosome 11q22 amplicon. Drosophila studies have established a novel tumor suppressor pathway Hippo that regulates both cell proliferation and apoptosis. Many components of the Hippo pathway are highly conserved. YAP is likely to be the major target inhibited by the Hippo pathway. YAP can functionally rescue yorkie (the Drosophila homolog of mammalian YAP) mutation in Drosophila. It has been suggested that the neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor is a component of the Hippo pathway acting upstream of YAP to inhibit YAP function. However, the Hippo pathway has not been investigated in mammalian cells. The long term goals of this project are to determine the function and regulation of the Hippo pathway in development of human cancers. Our preliminary data have shown that the Hippo-YAP pathway plays an essential role in cell contact inhibition and oncogenic transformation. Furthermore, YAP is highly elevated in human cancers, including prostate and liver cancers.
The specific aims of this proposal are: 1. To identify and characterize YAP target transcription factors 2. To determine the function of YAP target transcription factors in cell contact inhibition, oncogenic transformation, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition 3. To determine the function of YAP-induced micro RNA Public Health Relevance: YAP is a transcription co-activator and oncogene highly elevated in human cancers. This proposal will study the molecular mechanism of YAP in tumorigenesis by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting cell death.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01CA132809-03
Application #
7763895
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-ICI-D (01))
Program Officer
Spalholz, Barbara A
Project Start
2008-04-08
Project End
2013-02-28
Budget Start
2010-03-01
Budget End
2011-02-28
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2010
Total Cost
$320,588
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Pharmacology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Zhang, Qian; Meng, Fansen; Chen, Shasha et al. (2017) Hippo signalling governs cytosolic nucleic acid sensing through YAP/TAZ-mediated TBK1 blockade. Nat Cell Biol 19:362-374
Hong, Audrey W; Meng, Zhipeng; Guan, Kun-Liang (2016) The Hippo pathway in intestinal regeneration and disease. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 13:324-37
Han, X-R; Zha, Z; Yuan, H-X et al. (2016) KDM2B/FBXL10 targets c-Fos for ubiquitylation and degradation in response to mitogenic stimulation. Oncogene 35:4179-90
Zha, Zhengyu; Han, Xiao-Ran; Smith, Matthew D et al. (2016) Hypertension-associated C825T polymorphism impairs the function of G?3 to target GRK2 ubiquitination. Cell Discov 2:16005
Liu, G; Yu, F-X; Kim, Y C et al. (2015) Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus promotes tumorigenesis by modulating the Hippo pathway. Oncogene 34:3536-46
Mo, Jung-Soon; Meng, Zhipeng; Kim, Young Chul et al. (2015) Cellular energy stress induces AMPK-mediated regulation of YAP and the Hippo pathway. Nat Cell Biol 17:500-10
Moroishi, Toshiro; Hansen, Carsten Gram; Guan, Kun-Liang (2015) The emerging roles of YAP and TAZ in cancer. Nat Rev Cancer 15:73-79
Yu, Fa-Xing; Zhao, Bin; Guan, Kun-Liang (2015) Hippo Pathway in Organ Size Control, Tissue Homeostasis, and Cancer. Cell 163:811-28
Ma, Shenghong; Jiang, Bowen; Deng, Wanglong et al. (2015) D-2-hydroxyglutarate is essential for maintaining oncogenic property of mutant IDH-containing cancer cells but dispensable for cell growth. Oncotarget 6:8606-20
Plouffe, Steven W; Hong, Audrey W; Guan, Kun-Liang (2015) Disease implications of the Hippo/YAP pathway. Trends Mol Med 21:212-22

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