Colorectal cancer, which causes approximately 10% of cancer deaths in the United States, is the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality;death usually results from uncontrolled metastatic disease. Approximately 25% of patients with colorectal cancer will develop metastatic disease exclusively or largely confined to the liver. Untreated patients with liver metastases share a poor prognosis with an average survival of 12 months. In contrast, patients whose liver metastatic lesions are surgically treated have an average 5-year survival rate of 40%, but only 10-15% of initial colorectal liver metastases are considered resectable. The unresectable cases of liver metastatic disease can be treated with isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP), which involves a method of complete vascular isolation of the liver to allow treatment of liver tumors with toxic systemic doses of chemotherapeutic agents, biologic agents, and mild hyperthermia. We recently completed a phase I trial defining the safe dose of oxaliplatin delivered with IHP. In this grant proposal, we will apply IHP using the chemotherapeutic agent oxaliplatin, the biologic agent tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo-2L), and mild hyperthermia to treat advanced colorectal liver metastases.
The specific aims of this project are to investigate this multimodality approach as to (1) the mechanism of the synergy between the three treatment modalities, and the efficacy of this treatment, (2) preclinical evaluation of multimodality treatment, and (3) clinical trials of multimodality treatment. The proposed studies for the first aim will employ biochemical and molecular techniques to investigate the mechanisms of cell death. For the second aim, we will employ IHP in a syngeneic rat hepatic metastasis model of colorectal carcinoma.
The third aim will evaluate the therapeutic advantage of this treatment on patients. We believe that the successful outcome of this study will support the application of this multimodality approach to colorectal hepatic metastases.

Public Health Relevance

The majority of patients with colorectal liver metastases presents with unresectable disease. The prognosis for these patients is extremely poor. In this study, we will apply isolated hepatic perfusion using the chemotherapeutic agent oxaliplatin, the biologic agent tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo-2L), and mild hyperthermia to treat unresectable liver metastases. We believe that this study will provide crucial information about the development of a novel strategy to treat colorectal hepatic metastases.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Project (R01)
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Radiation Therapeutics and Biology Study Section (RTB)
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Wong, Rosemary S
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University of Pittsburgh
Schools of Medicine
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Kim, Seog-Young; Lee, Dae-Hee; Song, Xinxin et al. (2014) Role of Bcl-xL/Beclin-1 in synergistic apoptotic effects of secretory TRAIL-armed adenovirus in combination with mitomycin C and hyperthermia on colon cancer cells. Apoptosis 19:1603-15
Song, X; Kim, S-Y; Zhang, L et al. (2014) Role of AMP-activated protein kinase in cross-talk between apoptosis and autophagy in human colon cancer. Cell Death Dis 5:e1504
Lee, Dae-Hee; Kim, Dong-Wook; Jung, Chang-Hwa et al. (2014) Gingerol sensitizes TRAIL-induced apoptotic cell death of glioblastoma cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 279:253-65
Kim, Seog-Young; Song, Xinxin; Zhang, Lin et al. (2014) Role of Bcl-xL/Beclin-1 in interplay between apoptosis and autophagy in oxaliplatin and bortezomib-induced cell death. Biochem Pharmacol 88:178-88
Song, X; Dilly, A-K; Kim, S-Y et al. (2014) Rapamycin-enhanced mitomycin C-induced apoptotic death is mediated through the S6K1-Bad-Bak pathway in peritoneal carcinomatosis. Cell Death Dis 5:e1281
Kang, R; Hou, W; Zhang, Q et al. (2014) RAGE is essential for oncogenic KRAS-mediated hypoxic signaling in pancreatic cancer. Cell Death Dis 5:e1480
Kim, Seog-Young; Kang, Jin Wook; Song, Xinxin et al. (2013) Role of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3-Oct-4 pathway in the conversion of non-stem cancer cells into cancer stem-like cells. Cell Signal 25:961-9
Song, X; Kim, S-Y; Zhou, Z et al. (2013) Hyperthermia enhances mapatumumab-induced apoptotic death through ubiquitin-mediated degradation of cellular FLIP(long) in human colon cancer cells. Cell Death Dis 4:e577
Al Ghouleh, Imad; Frazziano, Giovanna; Rodriguez, Andres I et al. (2013) Aquaporin 1, Nox1, and Ask1 mediate oxidant-induced smooth muscle cell hypertrophy. Cardiovasc Res 97:134-42
Song, Xinxin; Kim, Seog-Young; Lee, Yong J (2013) Evidence for two modes of synergistic induction of apoptosis by mapatumumab and oxaliplatin in combination with hyperthermia in human colon cancer cells. PLoS One 8:e73654

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