Most efforts to understand how environmental carcinogens and tumor-promoting agents increase cancer risk have focused on their effects on directly exposed cells and have identified locally operating mechanisms endogenous to the exposed tissue. In the proposed study, we will verify the hypothesis that erythropoietin (EPO) and EPO receptor (EPOR) mediate physiological responses to carcinogens and tumor promoters via endocrine-like mechanisms and contribute to tumor initiation and progression. The goal of our study is to understand how carcinogenic and tumor-promoting environmental agents induce EPO and EPOR expression, whether EPOR expressed in preneoplastic cells and established tumors plays an important role in tumor formation and metastatic progression, and what molecular signals govern EPOR expression in non-erythroid EPO target cells during tumorigenesis. To achieve this goal, we will pursue the following specific aims: To determine the role of epidermal EPOR in skin carcinogenesis (Aim #1); To determine the role of melanoma- expressed EPOR in tumor growth and metastasis (Aim #2); To identify the mechanisms of EPOR induction in tumor precursors and established tumors (Aim #3). Information obtained from our study will not only advance our understanding of how etiologic agents of skin cancer increase the rate of tumor formation and malignant conversion but also shed new light on the role of endogenously produced EPO and non-erythroid EPOR in cancer development. We expect that our findings will ultimately help devise new strategies for cancer prevention and management.

Public Health Relevance

The growth of cancer can be critically influenced by signals that are generated in distant body locations and relayed through the blood circulation. The proposed study aims to understand how cancer-causing environmental factors increase such signals and how this event promotes cancer development. These efforts will help devise new strategies for cancer prevention and management.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01CA182405-05
Application #
9392540
Study Section
Tumor Cell Biology Study Section (TCB)
Program Officer
Johnson, Ronald L
Project Start
2014-01-01
Project End
2018-12-31
Budget Start
2018-01-01
Budget End
2018-12-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2018
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Massachusetts General Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
073130411
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02114