The over-arching goals of the proposed research are (1) to examine the perceptions, beliefs, and use of novel tobacco products, including snus, dissolvables, e-cigarettes, little cigars, and hookah, among emerging adults (aged 20 - 26), and (2) to further the understanding of who is using or willing to use these products, and why they are using them. To accomplish these goals, we will add two assessments, 10 months apart, along with follow-up interviews with a portion of the participants, to our ongoing cohort-sequential longitudinal study (DA10767;Oregon Youth Substance Use Project;OYSUP). OYSUP, which is based on an epidemiological-based sampling strategy, has followed a representative sample of youth from one school district in Western Oregon annually across the previous 15 years, beginning when they were in the 1st through the 5th grade. To accomplish these goals we propose to conduct two questionnaire assessments with approximately 900 emerging adults, which will include measures of the awareness of each of these novel products, favorability of images associated with use, perceptions of risk (including health risks, relative risk compared to cigarette use, optimism bias, and risk of addiction), perceptions of benefits (i.e., motivations to use), assessment of personality, intentions and willingness to use each product, and quantity and frequency of use. This assessment will also include questions assessing current tobacco dependence and use of traditional tobacco products. We will conduct follow-up interviews with a portion of the participants (n = 300 at T1;n = 225 at T2). These will (a) include a time-line follow-back interview assessing order of use of products (including both novel and traditional) and circumstances of use, and (b) assess how participants learned about the product (communication channels, including social networking) and their exposure and receptivity to advertising messages, including point-of-sale messages. These assessments will allow for (a) the surveillance of these new products, including an assessment of awareness, use and willingness to use, how they learned about the product, and their beliefs and perceptions of risks and benefits;(b) the concurrent and prospective prediction of use from perceptions and beliefs;(c) the association of use of novel products with use of more traditional tobacco products (e.g., cigarettes and traditional ST, e.g., chew or snuff);and (d) the examination of unique and common predictors of tobacco use and use of these novel products.

Public Health Relevance

The purpose of this research is to further the understanding of who is using novel tobacco products and why they are using them. This study will examine the perceptions, beliefs, and use of novel tobacco products, including snus, dissolvables, e-cigarettes, little cigars, and hookah, among a representative sample of 900 emerging adults (aged 20 - 26) who are participating in an ongoing longitudinal study of substance use and risky behavior. This research will provide the FDA with data to aid them in implementation of The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (FTPTCA).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
3R01DA010767-15S1
Application #
8617912
Study Section
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section (PDRP)
Program Officer
Etz, Kathleen
Project Start
1998-02-15
Project End
2015-02-28
Budget Start
2013-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
15
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$726,544
Indirect Cost
$259,913
Name
Oregon Research Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
053615423
City
Eugene
State
OR
Country
United States
Zip Code
97403
Hampson, Sarah E; Tildesley, Elizabeth; Andrews, Judy A et al. (2013) Smoking trajectories across high school: sensation seeking and Hookah use. Nicotine Tob Res 15:1400-8
Hampson, Sarah E (2012) Personality processes: mechanisms by which personality traits "get outside the skin". Annu Rev Psychol 63:315-39
Lynne-Landsman, Sarah D; Graber, Julia A; Nichols, Tracy R et al. (2011) Is sensation seeking a stable trait or does it change over time? J Youth Adolesc 40:48-58
Andrews, Judy A; Hampson, Sarah; Peterson, Missy (2011) Early adolescent cognitions as predictors of heavy alcohol use in high school. Addict Behav 36:448-55
Luyckx, Koen; Tildesley, Elizabeth A; Soenens, Bart et al. (2011) Parenting and trajectories of children's maladaptive behaviors: a 12-year prospective community study. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 40:468-78
Lynne-Landsman, Sarah D; Graber, Julia A; Andrews, Judy A (2010) Do trajectories of household risk in childhood moderate pubertal timing effects on substance initiation in middle school? Dev Psychol 46:853-68
Tildesley, Elizabeth A; Andrews, Judy A (2008) The development of children's intentions to use alcohol: direct and indirect effects of parent alcohol use and parenting behaviors. Psychol Addict Behav 22:326-39
Hampson, Sarah E; Andrews, Judy A; Barckley, Maureen (2008) Childhood predictors of adolescent marijuana use: early sensation-seeking, deviant peer affiliation, and social images. Addict Behav 33:1140-7
Andrews, Judy A; Hampson, Sarah; Barckley, Maureen (2008) The effect of subjective normative social images of smokers on children's intentions to smoke. Nicotine Tob Res 10:589-97
Andrews, Judy A; Hampson, Sarah E; Barckley, Maureen et al. (2008) The effect of early cognitions on cigarette and alcohol use during adolescence. Psychol Addict Behav 22:96-106

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