The primary aim of this project is to employ a randomized design to more closely study the role played by post-release aftercare in the outcomes of 300 criminal offenders who received in-prison substance abuse treatment. This study proposes to compare the relative effectiveness of TC aftercare to an Oxford House (OH) aftercare alternative that provides a supportive living environment without the professional treatment of TC aftercare. Bringing scientific methods to the examination of TCs and the OH community-based recovery models for addiction will help identify the active ingredients of these recovery settings. Typically, TC aftercare outcomes for prison TC graduates are compared to aftercare-as-usual, which can range across a wide variety of interventions. Few if any comparison groups have provided a residential setting that emphasizes socialization and abstinence from drugs and alcohol, a hallmark of TC aftercare settings. The proposed study will utilize ex-offenders randomly assigned to either TCs, OHs, or usual care post-release settings, and examine program effects (i.e., substance use, criminal and health outcomes), and economic factors associated with these models. Research findings from a study that contrasts these different approaches has the potential of influencing practice and informing policy.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DA019935-05
Application #
8113415
Study Section
Human Development Research Subcommittee (NIDA)
Program Officer
Wiley, Tisha R A
Project Start
2007-08-07
Project End
2014-07-31
Budget Start
2011-08-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$601,234
Indirect Cost
Name
De Paul University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
045694130
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60604
May, Emily M; Hunter, Bronwyn A; Jason, Leonard A (2017) METHODOLOGICAL PLURALISM AND MIXED METHODOLOGY TO STRENGTHEN COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH: AN EXAMPLE FROM OXFORD HOUSE. J Community Psychol 45:100-116
Majer, John M; Beasley, Christopher; Jason, Leonard A (2017) Suicide Attempts and Personal Need for Structure Among Ex-Offenders. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 61:334-346
Chavira, Dina; Jason, Leonard (2017) The Impact of Limited Housing Opportunities on Formerly Incarcerated People in the Context of Addiction Recovery. J Addict Behav Ther 1:
Isler, Brandon; Mineau, Megan; Hunter, Bronwyn et al. (2017) Relationship Themes Present between Parents and Children in Recovery Homes. Alcohol Treat Q 35:200-212
Majer, John M; Callahan, Sarah; Stevick, Kate et al. (2016) Social Influences on Abstinence Self-Efficacy among Justice-Involved Persons. J Soc Work Pract Addict 16:252-265
Stone, Ariel; Jason, Leonard A; Light, John M et al. (2016) The Role of Ego Networks in Studies of Substance Use Disorder Recovery. Alcohol Treat Q 34:315-328
Bustos, Yvita; Harvey, Ronald; Jason, Leonard A (2016) Important Activities Among Justice-Involved Individuals with Substance Use Disorders in Posttreatment Aftercare Settings. Alcohol Treat Q 34:415-424
Harvey, Ronald; Jason, Leonard A; Ferrari, Joseph R (2016) Substance abuse relapse in Oxford House recovery homes: A survival analysis evaluation. Subst Abus 37:281-5
Whipple, Christopher R; Jason, Leonard A; Robinson, W LaVome (2016) Housing and abstinence self-efficacy in formerly incarcerated individuals. J Offender Rehabil 55:548-563
Light, John M; Jason, Leonard A; Stevens, Edward B et al. (2016) A Mathematical Framework for the Complex System Approach to Group Dynamics: The Case of Recovery House Social Integration. Group Dyn 20:51-64

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