Although recent meta-analyses of the HIV prevention intervention literature have demonstrated that behavioral interventions reduce sexual risk-taking among men who have sex with men (MSM), interventions for not-in-treatment substance using MSM are lacking. Consequently, and based upon overwhelming evidence that substance use is a primary driver of HIV infection among urban MSM, public health authorities have identified the development of efficacious interventions for substance using MSM as a concern of the highest priority. The proposed study aims to test a new intervention based upon psychological empowerment theory that, in preliminary field tests, produced high levels of acceptability and participation, as well as large reductions in sexual risks and substance use, among a sample of ethnically-diverse, high risk, substance using, HIV+ and -negative MSM. The intervention to be tested is based upon a theory of MSM health risk behaviors that posits that urban gay "fast lane" subcultures present risk environments - including lack of integration with the larger society, normative hypersexuality and substance use, homophobia, sexual competitiveness, and an emphasis on entertainment and escapism - that become problematic for a sizable minority of MSM who live in them. Within this context, the specific aims of the proposed 5-year study are to: 1) describe the nature and extent of substance use and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of 500 sexually active, substance using, not-in- treatment MSM in urban South Florida (Miami/Ft. Lauderdale);2) identify the independent covariates of baseline substance abuse and sexual risks;3) evaluate, through random assignment of participants, the relative effectiveness of two intervention conditions in reducing sexual risks and substance use, as measured at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up assessments: a) an innovative five-session risk reduction intervention derived from psychological empowerment theory titled Project GOAL;and, b) a community standard-of-care HIV counseling and testing Comparison Condition. The proposed project responds directly to the calls by public health authorities for the development of efficacious risk reduction interventions for substance using MSM. South Florida consistently ranks in the top three MSAs nationwide in HIV and AIDS incidence and prevalence. South Florida is also a well-known migration point for MSM of extraordinarily diverse backgrounds with high rates of non-injection drug use. This setting provides an excellent context for testing an innovative intervention among high risk substance using MSM who are in need of HIV prevention services. Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be at high risk for acquisition and transmission of HIV, and substance use is associated with higher risk. Public health authorities have identified the development of efficacious interventions for substance using MSM as a concern of the highest priority. The proposed randomized clinical trial research aims to test a new intervention based upon psychological empowerment theory that demonstrated large reductions in sexual risks and substance use among a sample of diverse, high risk, heavy substance using MSM in preliminary field tests.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DA024579-06
Application #
8215856
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-AARR-F (52))
Program Officer
Jenkins, Richard A
Project Start
2008-04-01
Project End
2014-07-31
Budget Start
2012-02-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
6
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$305,696
Indirect Cost
$59,389
Name
Nova Southeastern University
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
002971240
City
Fort Lauderdale
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
33314
Kurtz, Steven P; Buttram, Mance E; Surratt, Hilary L (2014) Vulnerable infected populations and street markets for ARVs: Potential implications for PrEP rollout in the USA. AIDS Care 26:411-5
Buttram, Mance E; Kurtz, Steven P; Surratt, Hilary L et al. (2014) Health and social problems associated with prescription opioid misuse among a diverse sample of substance-using MSM. Subst Use Misuse 49:277-84
Kurtz, Steven P; Stall, Ronald D; Buttram, Mance E et al. (2013) A randomized trial of a behavioral intervention for high risk substance-using MSM. AIDS Behav 17:2914-26
Buttram, Mance E; Kurtz, Steven P (2013) Risk and protective factors associated with gay neighborhood residence. Am J Mens Health 7:110-8
Buttram, Mance E; Kurtz, Steven P; Surratt, Hilary L (2013) Substance use and sexual risk mediated by social support among Black men. J Community Health 38:62-9
Egan, James E; Frye, Victoria; Kurtz, Steven P et al. (2011) Migration, neighborhoods, and networks: approaches to understanding how urban environmental conditions affect syndemic adverse health outcomes among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav 15 Suppl 1:S35-50