During the current grant period, using human subjects, my lab has developed and studied social discounting (relating it to both delay and probability discounting). Over the next five years I intend to continue to develop this measure, to incorporate it into a discounting surface including delay and probability discounting, and to study its correlates (with age, gender, cigarette smoking, genetic relatedness, religiosity). Also, during the current grant period, using both human and pigeon subjects, my lab has studied methods to enhance social cooperation in games such as prisoner's dilemma games, public goods games, ultimatum and dictator games. Assuming my social view of addiction is correct (that addicts are failing to cooperate with their future selves) such methods would be directly applicable to addiction. We have found that cooperation in these social games tends to correlate with degree of social discounting - the less cooperation (the more defection) the steeper the social discounting. Over the next grant period we intend to continue these studies focusing on methods to enhance cooperation. Based on the completed and proposed lab work, I will continue to develop the above theory of addiction, self-control, and social cooperation as well as its applications.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed experiments will study the relation between self-interest, social interest, and social cooperation. Their relevance to addiction, hence to national health, depends on a view of addicts as deficient in a form of social cooperativeness;addicts fail to cooperate with their future selves.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DA026520-24
Application #
8264010
Study Section
Biobehavioral Regulation, Learning and Ethology Study Section (BRLE)
Program Officer
Bjork, James M
Project Start
2009-06-01
Project End
2014-04-30
Budget Start
2012-05-01
Budget End
2013-04-30
Support Year
24
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$264,393
Indirect Cost
$94,928
Name
State University New York Stony Brook
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
804878247
City
Stony Brook
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
11794
Safin, Vasiliy; Locey, Matthew L; Rachlin, Howard (2013) Valuing rewards to others in a prisoner's dilemma game. Behav Processes 99:145-9