This proposal investigates the role acoustic prominence, which is one aspect of prosody, plays in language production and comprehension. Traditionally, researchers have characterized acoustic prominence as a means by which a speaker signals the givenness of information: new information is accented and given information is not. In this proposal it is proposed that acoustic prominence is a function of 1) the importance of a word to a conversation and 2) the predictability of the word. Results from preliminary experiments suggest that speakers produce important, less predictable words with more prominence, and that informativeness and predictability play a role in the type of prominence that is chosen by speakers. However, important questions remain. Experiments 1-6 investigate whether the degree of acoustic prominence produced by a speaker is proportional to its importance in a referential communication task and whether listeners are sensitive to fine- grained differences in acoustic prominence using an eye-tracking visual world paradigm. Experiments 7-8 explore whether effects of predictability on acoustic prominence are driven by processes in planning or by processes that facilitate listener comprehension. Experiments 9 and 10 investigate how predictability and informativeness interact to influence pitch accent choice.
An important part of successful communication is producing and understanding language with appropriate prosody (e.g. stress, pitch, rhythm, and pausing). Individuals with language deficits that affect the production and comprehension of prosody are likely to have difficulty communicating, and little is known about how prosody facilitates communication in on-line language processing. This proposal investigates the role acoustic prominence, which is one aspect of prosody, plays in language production and comprehension. ? ? ?
|Tooley, Kristen M; Konopka, Agnieszka E; Watson, Duane G (2018) Assessing priming for prosodic representations: Speaking rate, intonational phrase boundaries, and pitch accenting. Mem Cognit 46:625-641|
|Jacobs, Cassandra L; Dell, Gary S; Bannard, Colin (2017) Phrase frequency effects in free recall: Evidence for redintegration. J Mem Lang 97:1-16|
|Arnold, Jennifer E; Watson, Duane G (2015) Synthesizing meaning and processing approaches to prosody: performance matters. Lang Cogn Neurosci 30:88-102|
|Jacobs, Cassandra L; Yiu, Loretta K; Watson, Duane G et al. (2015) Why are repeated words produced with reduced durations? Evidence from inner speech and homophone production. J Mem Lang 84:37-48|
|Fraundorf, Scott H; Watson, Duane G; Benjamin, Aaron S (2015) Reduction in Prosodic Prominence Predicts Speakers' Recall: Implications for Theories of Prosody. Lang Cogn Neurosci 30:606-619|
|Yiu, Loretta K; Watson, Duane G (2015) When overlap leads to competition: Effects of phonological encoding on word duration. Psychon Bull Rev 22:1701-8|
|Lam, Tuan Q; Watson, Duane G (2014) Repetition reduction: lexical repetition in the absence of referent repetition. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 40:829-43|
|Gillespie, Maureen; James, Ariel N; Federmeier, Kara D et al. (2014) Verbal working memory predicts co-speech gesture: evidence from individual differences. Cognition 132:174-80|
|Tooley, Kristen M; Konopka, Agnieszka E; Watson, Duane G (2014) Can intonational phrase structure be primed (like syntactic structure)? J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 40:348-63|
|Lee, Eun-Kyung; Brown-Schmidt, Sarah; Watson, Duane G (2013) Ways of looking ahead: hierarchical planning in language production. Cognition 129:544-62|
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