Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are frequently lethal and predictive biomarkers to guide treatment are lacking. We recently determined the mutational profile of 74 HNSCC, and mutations of genes in the PI3K signaling pathway were detected in nearly one quarter of these cancers. These results were subsequently validated in larger HNSCC cohorts including the HNSCC TCGA. As the PI3K pathway is eminently targeted with multiple drugs that are in early phase clinical development, this provides an immediate opportunity to define predictive biomarkers and implement potentially effective therapeutic approaches for HNSCC. We have developed novel HPV-positive and HPV-negative HNSCC models to identify oncogenic driver mutations in this cancer. In addition, we can assess PI3K pathway mutation and amplification in human HNSCC tumors to be grown as heterotopic tumorgrafts in mice as well as tumors from HNSCC patients enrolled on a novel phase II trial of a PI3K pathway inhibitor. This project will therefore elucidate the role of PI3K activation as a biomarker in HNSCC progression, and facilitate the identification of a subset of HNSCC patients where treatment with a PI3K targeting agent represents an effective therapeutic strategy.

Public Health Relevance

Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) account for the majority of tumors that arise in the mucosal of the head and neck. EGFR is the only FDA-approved molecular therapeutic target, yet the critical therapeutic biomarker(s) for HNSCC remains unknown. We recently determined the mutational profile of 74 HNSCC, and PI3K pathway mutations were detected in over one third of these cancers. Further investigation demonstrated that amplification of genes in the PI3K pathway is also found in about 25% of HNSCC, suggesting that PI3K pathway activation represents a biomarker of HNSCC. We have developed novel HPV- positive and HPV-negative HNSCC models to identify oncogenic 'driver' mutations. The proposed studies will: 1) determine the contribution of individual PI3K pathway mutations and/or amplification to HNSCC growth; 2) elucidate the biological impact of small molecule inhibitors targeting specific components in the PI3K pathway, either alone or in combination with EGFR inhibitors, in HNSCC models, engineered to mimic the diversity of PI3K pathway aberrations found in human tumors; and 3) determine whether PI3K pathway mutations and/or gene amplification serve as predictive biomarkers in mediating the in vivo antitumor effects of PI3K and EGFR targeting strategies in preclinical HNSCC models and HNSCC patients enrolled in a phase II trial of BKM120 in combination with cetuximab.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Research Project (R01)
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Drug Discovery and Molecular Pharmacology Study Section (DMP)
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Lunsford, Dwayne
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University of California San Francisco
Schools of Medicine
San Francisco
United States
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