White adipose tissue (WAT) remodeling is an emerging therapeutic strategy for treatment of obesity-related disorders like diabetes. Remodeling of WAT by beta3 adrenergic activation is a robust model that allows mechanisms to be tested in vivo and in vitro. Using this model system, the progenitors of the brown adipocytes that appear in WAT were identified, and techniques for imaging, isolating, and genetically manipulating these cells in vivo were developed. These cells appear to act as adult 'remodeling stem cells'(rmSC) that are likely involved in the remodeling and cellular restoration of WAT under various conditions. This project will examine mechanisms by which these novel rmSC are recruited by WAT therapeutic remodeling and by chronic high fat feeding. The long term goal is to guide strategies for expanding metabolically desirable adipocyte phenotypes for treating obesity-related disorders.

Public Health Relevance

This project will examine mechanisms by which novel adult stem cells in white adipose tissue are recruited by therapeutic remodeling and by chronic high fat feeding. The long term goal is to guide strategies for expanding metabolically desirable adipocyte phenotypes for treating obesity-related disorders.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01DK062292-09
Application #
8485588
Study Section
Cellular Aspects of Diabetes and Obesity Study Section (CADO)
Program Officer
Haft, Carol R
Project Start
2002-07-01
Project End
2017-06-30
Budget Start
2013-07-01
Budget End
2014-06-30
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$319,030
Indirect Cost
$109,142
Name
Wayne State University
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
001962224
City
Detroit
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48202
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