The long-term objective of this proposal is to define the cellular and molecular mediators crucial for osteoblastic control of HSCs. We previously established that parathyroid hormone (PTH) activates osteoblastic cells to increase hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) numbers and that PTH improves HSC survival after radiation injury. These results give us a model to define a novel therapeutic approach to increase HSCs following iatrogenic or toxic injury to the bone marrow by stimulating osteoblastic cells. However, the specific osteoblastic cell subsets and the key osteoblastic-dependent molecular events regulating HSCs are unknown. Using pharmacologic and genetic models, we have identified Notch signaling as a potential mediator of PTH-dependent HSC regulation. Notch activation requires direct interaction of cell-bound ligands with receptors on neighboring cells. We demonstrated that 1) PTH or activation of its receptor stimulate the Notch ligand Jagged1 (Jag1) in osteoblastic cells;2) in mice with constitutively active PTH receptors in osteoblastic cells, HSCs have increased Notch activation;3) the PTH-dependent HSC increase is blocked by inhibition of ?-secretase activity, which is required for Notch activation. Our preliminary studies now demonstrate that expression of Jag1 in osteoblastic cells is required for the PTH-dependent HSC expansion. Together, these data suggest that PTH expands HSC through osteoblastic expression of Jag1, which then activates Notch signaling in neighboring bone marrow cells. Based on our data, we hypothesize that HSC expansion by osteoblasts requires Jag1-initiated Notch activation in the bone marrow microenvironment. To test this hypothesis, in Aim1 we will define the osteoblastic cell subset in which Jag1 is necessary and sufficient to mediate HSC expansion.
In Aim2, we will identify the cell population (HSC, osteoblastic cells and/or other components of the bone marrow) in which Notch activation is required to achieve osteoblastic-dependent HSC expansion. Finally in Aim3 we will determine the contribution of Notch signaling to the myeloprotective effects of PTH, a clinical scenario in which HSC niche manipulation could be a novel strategy to reduce morbidity and mortality. We have already established and fully characterized in vivo models in which microenvironmental signals increase HSCs. Now that osteoblastic Jag1 has been identified as a key element of PTH-dependent HSC expansion, we have the unprecedented opportunity of defining the cellular and molecular components of the HSC niche using the in vivo strategies proposed here. Completion of our experimental aims will thus define novel therapeutic targets for HSC manipulation in the bone marrow microenvironment, which can be exploited to improve survival after bone marrow injury.
In this proposal, we study the regulation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) by their bone marrow microenvironment. Since HSC give rise to all blood cells, these regulatory mechanisms could be therapeutically exploited to increase HSC in specific situations of blood cell injury or deficiency.
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|Evans, Andrew G; Calvi, Laura M (2015) Notch signaling in the malignant bone marrow microenvironment: implications for a niche-based model of oncogenesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1335:63-77|
|Frisch, Benjamin J; Calvi, Laura M (2014) Hematopoietic stem cell cultures and assays. Methods Mol Biol 1130:315-24|
|Calvi, Laura M; Link, Daniel C (2014) Cellular complexity of the bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell niche. Calcif Tissue Int 94:112-24|
|Hoffman, Corey M; Calvi, Laura M (2014) Minireview: complexity of hematopoietic stem cell regulation in the bone marrow microenvironment. Mol Endocrinol 28:1592-601|
|Porter, Rebecca L; Georger, Mary A; Bromberg, Olga et al. (2013) Prostaglandin E2 increases hematopoietic stem cell survival and accelerates hematopoietic recovery after radiation injury. Stem Cells 31:372-83|
|Smith, Julianne N P; Calvi, Laura M (2013) Concise review: Current concepts in bone marrow microenvironmental regulation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Stem Cells 31:1044-50|
|Frisch, Benjamin J; Ashton, John M; Xing, Lianping et al. (2012) Functional inhibition of osteoblastic cells in an in vivo mouse model of myeloid leukemia. Blood 119:540-50|
|Calvi, Laura M; Bromberg, Olga; Rhee, Yumie et al. (2012) Osteoblastic expansion induced by parathyroid hormone receptor signaling in murine osteocytes is not sufficient to increase hematopoietic stem cells. Blood 119:2489-99|
|Lawal, Rialnat A; Calvi, Laura M (2011) The niche as a target for hematopoietic manipulation and regeneration. Tissue Eng Part B Rev 17:415-22|
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