Inadequate visualization of ultrasonic images leads to increased exam time, decreased patient throughput, diminished quality or indeterminate diagnosis, or referral of the patient to other imaging procedures. Alternative imaging methods generally increase costs and/or expose the patient to invasive or potentially hazardous imaging procedures. In this application, we propose a new ultrasonic imaging method, called Short-Lag Spatial Coherence (SLSC) imaging, that demonstrates the ability to greatly suppress acoustical clutter and significantly improve ultrasonic imaging quality. We present preliminary data demonstrating the success of this technique in human livers and hearts. We propose to build real-time SLSC imaging systems and analyze them in key tasks in echocardiography. In addition, we propose to build the mathematical framework to describe this imaging technique and to develop advanced SLSC imaging methods. We propose clinical studies in stress echocardiography to evaluate the potential of this technique in visualizing endocardial borders in difficult-to-image patients.

Public Health Relevance

Poor image quality in ultrasonic imaging is detrimental to diagnosing heart problems in patients. We have developed a new imaging method that reduces image noise. We propose to evaluate these techniques in human studies to determine the potential of this method in detecting the heart walls in the presence of noise.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01EB013661-02
Application #
8440320
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BMIT-J (01))
Program Officer
Lopez, Hector
Project Start
2012-04-01
Project End
2016-01-31
Budget Start
2013-02-01
Budget End
2014-01-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$303,635
Indirect Cost
$91,460
Name
Duke University
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
044387793
City
Durham
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27705
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Dahl, Jeremy J; Sheth, Niral M (2014) Reverberation clutter from subcutaneous tissue layers: simulation and in vivo demonstrations. Ultrasound Med Biol 40:714-26
Pinton, Gianmarco; Trahey, Gregg; Dahl, Jeremy (2014) Spatial coherence in human tissue: implications for imaging and measurement. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 61:1976-87
Hyun, Dongwoon; Trahey, Gregg E; Jakovljevic, Marko et al. (2014) Short-lag spatial coherence imaging on matrix arrays, part 1: Beamforming methods and simulation studies. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 61:1101-12
Jakovljevic, Marko; Byram, Brett C; Hyun, Dongwoon et al. (2014) Short-lag spatial coherence imaging on matrix arrays, part II: Phantom and in vivo experiments. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 61:1113-22
Lediju Bell, Muyinatu A; Goswami, Robi; Kisslo, Joseph A et al. (2013) Short-lag spatial coherence imaging of cardiac ultrasound data: initial clinical results. Ultrasound Med Biol 39:1861-74
Jakovljevic, Marko; Trahey, Gregg E; Nelson, Rendon C et al. (2013) In vivo application of short-lag spatial coherence imaging in human liver. Ultrasound Med Biol 39:534-42