Brain cancer, and in particular Glioblastoma (GB), is a deadly disease that is in critical need of new therapies. We propose to develop biodegradable polymeric gene delivery nanoparticles to treat patients with brain cancer. Based on our recent research on evaluating a library of polymeric nanoparticles for gene delivery, ten lead structures will be synthesized and utilized to non-virally and safely deliver DNA to human Glioblastoma Multiforme (GB) cancer cells. Structure-activity relationships for ten closely related biomaterial analogs and the nanoparticles that they form will be probed in vitro in normal human astrocytes and neurospheres as well human intraoperatively obtained GB cells and GB tumor neurospheres. We hypothesize that through biomaterial and nanoparticle selection, nanoparticles can be targeted to brain cancer cells and cancer stem cells over healthy cells. A nanoparticle system will be created and evaluated in vitro and in vivo to non-virally delivery a gene that induces apoptosis in human brain cancer cells, is benign to healthy human cells, and acts in a paracrine fashion. The non-viral particles enter cells and degrade safely, releasing DNA as therapeutics that causes cancer cell death.
In Aim 1, nanoparticles will be synthesized and characterized and cell assays developed.
In Aim 2, mechanisms of action, cell targeting specificity, and efficacy of the nanoparticles will be evaluated in vitro.
In Aim 3, the top three nanoparticle formulations will be evaluated in vivo in an orthotopic human GB mouse model. The long-term aim of this work is to create a new orthogonal clinical approach to treat Glioblastoma.

Public Health Relevance

This research aims to create new nanbiotechnology to treat Glioblastoma, a common and incurable type of brain cancer. This flexible nanoparticle-mediated gene delivery approach may also be applicable to the treatment of other cancers as well.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01EB016721-02
Application #
8628119
Study Section
Gene and Drug Delivery Systems Study Section (GDD)
Program Officer
Tucker, Jessica
Project Start
2013-04-01
Project End
2017-02-28
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$353,565
Indirect Cost
$135,315
Name
Johns Hopkins University
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
001910777
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21218
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