Protein folding and dynamics are integral to many biological activities, including chaperone action, protein degradation, amyloid diseases and aging. Our goal is to combine experimental and computational studies to produce a predictive understanding of folding behavior for proteins, independent of whether they are naturally occurring, designed, unfolded, or intrinsically disordered. Our ? analysis method identifies transition states as large and native-like and, along with other data, argues that folding occurs via a process of sequential stabilization.
Aim 1 describes our planned tests of whether this mechanism applies to the whole pathway, especially the early portions. In parallel, we will advance our unifying framework for predicting both pathways and structure using only the sequence as input. Although the method is based only on basic principles of protein chemistry, it has an accuracy comparable to the best MD simulations. We will provide high-resolution data for different proteins to test our simulations and those of others, including DESRES, a collaborator.
Aim 2 delineates how we will investigate whether the unfolded state compacts under native conditions. FRET and MD simulations indicate yes, whereas small angle X-ray scattering indicates otherwise. We will probe the origins of this perplexing discrepancy that has implications to folding mechanisms, the validity of MD simulations, and biothermodynamics.
Aim 3 summarizes our proposed comparison of the folding of naturally occurring proteins and novel designed folds with complex folding kinetics. Identifying the origin of the complex kinetics both challenges our understanding and can help improve design algorithms.
This proposal focuses on the study of protein folding and dynamics, ubiquitous processes that are integral to many biological activities. We will use knowledge gained from our experimental studies to produce a predictive understanding of folding behavior including a framework for predicting both pathways and structure using only the AA sequence as input. We will provide high-resolution data for different proteins in order to test our predictions and those of others while investigating properties of denatured proteins and the origins of the complex folding behavior of designed folds.
|Lian, Huada; Qin, Jian; Freed, Karl F (2018) Dielectric virial expansion of polarizable dipolar spheres. J Chem Phys 149:163332|
|Wang, Zongan; Jumper, John M; Wang, Sheng et al. (2018) A Membrane Burial Potential with H-Bonds and Applications to Curved Membranes and Fast Simulations. Biophys J 115:1872-1884|
|Riback, Joshua A; Bowman, Micayla A; Zmyslowski, Adam et al. (2018) Response to Comment on ""Innovative scattering analysis shows that hydrophobic disordered proteins are expanded in water"". Science 361:|
|Sachleben, Joseph R; Adhikari, Aashish N; Gawlak, Grzegorz et al. (2017) Aromatic claw: A new fold with high aromatic content that evades structural prediction. Protein Sci 26:208-217|
|Skinner, John J; Wang, Sheng; Lee, Jiyoung et al. (2017) Conserved salt-bridge competition triggered by phosphorylation regulates the protein interactome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:13453-13458|
|French, Alexander R; Sosnick, Tobin R; Rock, Ronald S (2017) Investigations of human myosin VI targeting using optogenetically controlled cargo loading. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E1607-E1616|
|Riback, Joshua A; Katanski, Christopher D; Kear-Scott, Jamie L et al. (2017) Stress-Triggered Phase Separation Is an Adaptive, Evolutionarily Tuned Response. Cell 168:1028-1040.e19|
|Gates, Zachary P; Baxa, Michael C; Yu, Wookyung et al. (2017) Perplexing cooperative folding and stability of a low-sequence complexity, polyproline 2 protein lacking a hydrophobic core. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:2241-2246|
|Riback, Joshua A; Bowman, Micayla A; Zmyslowski, Adam M et al. (2017) Innovative scattering analysis shows that hydrophobic disordered proteins are expanded in water. Science 358:238-241|
|Haddadian, Esmael J; Zhang, Hao; Freed, Karl F et al. (2017) Comparative Study of the Collective Dynamics of Proteins and Inorganic Nanoparticles. Sci Rep 7:41671|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 45 publications