The broad long term objectives of this research are: (1) to develop efficient, new methods for the preparation of complex nanoscale molecules with well-defined shapes and sizes, by rational design, using abiological self- assembly;(2) to provide insights and gain a better understanding of molecular recognition phenomena and self-assembly processes;(3) to develop abiological self-assembly as a platform for novel biomedical applications. [Our specific goals are to: (a) examine encapsulation and host-guest interactions of small drug- like organic molecules, as well as the encapsulation of three diverse, widely-used commercially-available cancer drugs (fluorouracil, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin);(b) study protein and enzyme encapsulation by pre-designed self-assembled metallacages;(c) develop targeted drug delivery methodologies via self- assembled metallacages and the multivalent display of peptidic (and other) integrin antagonists.] We will use abiological, coordination-driven and our "directional bonding" approach to achieve these aims. This methodology allows for the rapid, pre-designed, (rational) self-assembly of nanoscale systems with well- defined shapes and sizes, due to metal d-orbital involvement that allows dative, metal-ligand bonds to be highly directional. Moreover, coordination kinetics can be modulated to engage in self-repair to achieve thermodynamic control of the desired, pre-designed super structures. Self-assembly is at the heart of countless biological processes that all living organisms, from the simplest to humans, depend upon. Protein folding, nucleic acid assembly and tertiary structures, ribosomes, phospholipid membranes and microtubules are but representative examples of self-assembly. Insights gained from the proposed abiological self-assembly studies will be applicable to a better and more complete understanding of the complex, not well-understood biological self-assembly processes. If the aims of this application are achieved, biomedical researchers will have new tools and entirely new approaches for the formation of large, nanoscale, complex molecules with unique properties that will complement and enhance classical covalent synthetic methods. As a consequence, in the long term, these approaches will facilitate the discovery and production of improved chemical agents and chemotherapy for the treatment and possible prevention of medical disorders.

Public Health Relevance

If the aims of this application are achieved, biomedical researchers will have new tools and entirely new approaches for the formation of large, nanoscale, complex molecules with unique properties that will complement and enhance classical covalent synthetic methods. As a consequence, in the long term, these approaches will facilitate the discovery and production of improved chemical agents and chemotherapy for the treatment and possible prevention of medical disorders and in particular. Additionally, in the future, innovative transfection systems and possible gene-regulation may evolve from these discoveries.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01GM057052-34
Application #
8335374
Study Section
Synthetic and Biological Chemistry A Study Section (SBCA)
Program Officer
Fabian, Miles
Project Start
1998-01-01
Project End
2014-08-31
Budget Start
2012-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
34
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$186,771
Indirect Cost
$61,771
Name
University of Utah
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
009095365
City
Salt Lake City
State
UT
Country
United States
Zip Code
84112
Cook, Timothy R; Vajpayee, Vaishali; Lee, Min Hyung et al. (2013) Biomedical and biochemical applications of self-assembled metallacycles and metallacages. Acc Chem Res 46:2464-74
Dubey, Abhishek; Min, Jin Wook; Koo, Hyun Jung et al. (2013) Anticancer potency and multidrug-resistant studies of self-assembled arene-ruthenium metallarectangles. Chemistry 19:11622-8
Vajpayee, Vaishali; Lee, Sun Mi; Park, Joeng Woo et al. (2013) Growth Inhibitory Activity of a Bis-benzimidazole-Bridged Arene Ruthenium Metalla-Rectangle and Prism. Organometallics 32:1563-1566
Cook, Timothy R; Zheng, Yao-Rong; Stang, Peter J (2013) Metal-organic frameworks and self-assembled supramolecular coordination complexes: comparing and contrasting the design, synthesis, and functionality of metal-organic materials. Chem Rev 113:734-77
Jung, Hyunji; Dubey, Abhishek; Koo, Hyun Jung et al. (2013) Self-assembly of ambidentate pyridyl-carboxylate ligands with octahedral ruthenium metal centers: self-selection for a single-linkage isomer and anticancer-potency studies. Chemistry 19:6709-17
Mishra, Anurag; Vajpayee, Vaishali; Kim, Hyunuk et al. (2012) Self-assembled metalla-bowls for selective sensing of multi-carboxylate anions. Dalton Trans 41:1195-201
Vajpayee, Vaishali; Song, Young Ho; Jung, Young Jun et al. (2012) Coordination-driven self-assembly of ruthenium-based molecular-rectangles: synthesis, characterization, photo-physical and anticancer potency studies. Dalton Trans 41:3046-52
Wang, Ming; Vajpayee, Vaishali; Shanmugaraju, Sankarasekaran et al. (2011) Coordination-driven self-assembly of M3L2 trigonal cages from preorganized metalloligands incorporating octahedral metal centers and fluorescent detection of nitroaromatics. Inorg Chem 50:1506-12
Vajpayee, Vaishali; Song, Young Ho; Cook, Timothy R et al. (2011) A unique non-catenane interlocked self-assembled supramolecular architecture and its photophysical properties. J Am Chem Soc 133:19646-9
Vajpayee, Vaishali; Song, Young Ho; Yang, Yoon Jung et al. (2011) Coordination Driven Self-Assembly and Anticancer Activity of Molecular Rectangles Containing Octahedral Ruthenium Metal Centers. Organometallics 30:3242-3245

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