Modern drugs are highly functionalized molecules, and often these molecules are chiral. In the pharmaceutical industry, single chiral drugs constitute over half the total drug market, and the key components in 9 of the top 10 drugs are chiral. The biomedical importance of chiral compounds has spurred intense research efforts by leading laboratories. The most promising solution for production of these molecules has relied on asymmetric catalytic processes, especially catalytic asymmetric oxidation, which can introduce multi-functional groups into the molecule. The long term goal of the project is to develop catalytic asymmetric oxidation processes, which can create highly functionalized drugs at a useful level of selectivity and scalability. The objective of developing these catalysts is to provide reliable and easy access to make molecules previously unattainable in a simple manner. In this renewal proposal, we outline plans for the development and use of new oxidation catalysts for enantioselective synthesis of multi-functional molecules. Unlike traditional transition metal-based catalysts, the catalysts being developed and studied in this program are organic molecules or contain non-harmful metals. These transition metal-free catalysts are not only of a fundamental interest, but also of industrial importance, since harmful transition metals are undesirable in pharmaceutical drugs. Many of the subprojects are supported by promising preliminary results, whereas others represent new directions in either catalyst or methodology development. Mechanistic, crystallographic, and computational studies will provide an understanding of the catalytic processes and steer the development of more effective catalysts. Catalytic selective oxidation can introduce oxygen, nitrogen, or a halogen to the substrate catalytically and selectively. Our specific major aim is asymmetric epoxidation. The investigations of this reaction are expected to lead to the development of broadly useful asymmetric oxidation catalysis methodologies that will impact many facets of chemical synthesis. Additionally, the effort will provide excellent training in synthetic methodology development to undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral students interested in a research career in the pharmaceutical industry or academia Modified Specific Aim Catalytic enantioselective oxidation is an extremely important process for the drug industry. This is clear because the most bioactive molecules have highly functionalized structures. Simple olefins and carbonyl compounds are the most attractive starting materials available to the synthetic chemist, easily accessible in large quantities and in many varieties. Nature achieves highly specific syntheses of complex substances through the uniquely selective oxidation by enzyme catalysts starting from these simple compounds. While there are currently many broadly useful methods for catalytic asymmetric reduction, there are far fewer of these catalytic asymmetric techniques for oxidation. It should be noted that selective oxidation catalysis represents more formidable challenges than does for selective reduction catalysis, not the least of which is the thermodynamic instability of ligands under oxidative conditions. Although recently there has been progress in this important area, it is not yet sufficient. We propose herein catalytic oxidation which can introduce oxygen and sulfur into substrates chemo-, regio-, and enantioselectively to provide simple entry to the synthesis of highly functionalize complex molecules that have heretofore been known. Thus, our contribution here is expected to provide a set of new and general chiral oxidation catalysts for pharmaceutical laboratories and drug industries.
The specific aim of the next funding period is asymmetric epoxidation.
The aim i s divided into two parts: (1) vanadium, hafnium, and zirconium catalysts for epoxidation and their application to epoxidation- cyclization cascades;and (2) iron-based catalysts for asymmetric epoxidation and C-H oxidation and activation. These catalysts are significant in their representation as simple, benign ways to promote enantioselective epoxidation reactions. Overall, the proposed work will not only lead to an efficient synthetic route for selective oxidations, but, more importantly, will result in the development of methodology that should prove to be of general value to medicinal chemistry. The proposed project will include syntheses of several simple bioactive molecules to demonstrate how our catalysts work. The actual utility of the methods, of course, is much broader. It is also expected that what is learned will be equally applicable to the development of new oxidation catalysts of other systems. The proposed approaches are innovative because each of them is an unknown process which capitalizes on a totally new concept of catalyst design developed by our group using previous NIH support. They also take advantage of a number of ligand libraries which are available in no other laboratory. The proposed research is significant, because it is expected to provide a fine toolbox of catalysts, which will make possible the provision of previously unattainable complex molecules needed to develop entirely new pharmacologic strategies in the future.

Public Health Relevance

This is an important area of organic synthesis that has the potential ability to efficiently strength drugs, ultimately including those for human beings. Finally the projects described will provide excellent training for undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral students in catalysis, which will prepare them well for independent careers contributing to public health. PHS 398 Modular Budget OMB Number: 0925-0001 Budget Period: 1 Start Date: 04/01/2012 End Date: 03/31/2013 Funds Requested ($) A. Direct Costs Direct Cost less Consortium F&A Consortium F&A Total Direct Costs 150,000.00 150,000.00 B. Indirect Costs Indirect Cost Indirect Cost Indirect Cost Type Rate (%) Base ($) Funds Requested ($) 1. 2. 3. 4. HHS/NIH (MTDC) 56.00 134,520.00 75,331.00 Cognizant Agency (Agency Name, POC Name and Phone Number) DHHS Division of Cost Allocations Central States Field Office, 1301 Young Street Dallas, TX 75020, 214-767-3261 Indirect Cost Rate Agreement Date 01/18/2011 Total Indirect Costs 75,331.00 C. Total Direct and Indirect Costs (A + B) Funds Requested ($) 225,331.00 Budget Period: 2 Start Date: 04/01/2013 End Date: 03/31/2014 Funds Requested ($) A. Direct Costs Direct Cost less Consortium F&A Consortium F&A Total Direct Costs 150,000.00 150,000.00 B. Indirect Costs Indirect Cost Indirect Cost Indirect Cost Type Rate (%) Base ($) Funds Requested ($) 1. 2. 3. 4. HHS/NIH (MTDC) 56.00 134,056.00 75,071.00 Cognizant Agency (Agency Name, POC Name and Phone Number) DHHS Division of Cost Allocations Central States Field Office, 1301 Young Street Dallas, TX 75020, 214-767-3261 Indirect Cost Rate Agreement Date 01/18/2011 Total Indirect Costs 75,071.00 C. Total Direct and Indirect Costs (A + B) Funds Requested ($) 225,071.00 PHS 398 Modular Budget Budget Period: 3 Start Date: 04/01/2014 End Date: 03/31/2015 Funds Requested ($) A. Direct Costs Direct Cost less Consortium F&A Consortium F&A Total Direct Costs 150,000.00 150,000.00 B. Indirect Costs Indirect Cost Indirect Cost Indirect Cost Type Rate (%) Base ($) Funds Requested ($) 1. 2. 3. 4. HHS/NIH (MTDC) 56.00 133,577.00 74,803.00 Cognizant Agency (Agency Name, POC Name and Phone Number) DHHS Division of Cost Allocations Central States Field Office, 1301 Young Street Dallas, TX 75020, 214-767-3261 Indirect Cost Rate Agreement Date 01/18/2011 Total Indirect Costs 74,803.00 C. Total Direct and Indirect Costs (A + B) Funds Requested ($) 224,803.00 Cumulative Budget Information 1. Total Costs, Entire Project Period Section A, Total Direct Cost less Consortium F&A for Entire Project Period $ Section A, Total Consortium F&A for Entire Project Period $ Section A, Total Direct Costs for Entire Project Period $ Section B, Total Indirect Costs for Entire Project Period $ Section C, Total Direct and Indirect Costs (A+B) for Entire Project Period $ 450,000.00 450,000.00 225,205.00 675,205.00 2. Budget Justifications Personnel Justification Consortium Justification Additional Narrative Justification Modified_Personnel_Justificati Add Attachment Delete Attachment View Attachment Add Attachment Delete Attachment View Attachment Add Attachment Delete Attachment View Attachment Personnel Justification A. Senior Personnel Hisashi Yamamoto, PhD, Principal Investigator (0.5 academic month). Dr. Yamamoto will direct the research of the postdoctoral scholar and graduate research assistant. He will also write the research publications and make scientific presentations on the work completed. He will devote 0.5 month of cost-shared effort during the academic year. B. Other Personnel Postdoctoral Scholar (To be named, 12 calendar months). The postdoctoral scholar will investigate the asymmetric epoxidation reactions of homo- and bishomo-allylic alcohol and amine derivatives. Graduate Research Assistant (To be named, 12 calendar months). The graduate research assistant will investigate the iron catalyzed epoxidation and cyclization reaction and CH activation processes. He/she will also investigate application of these methods for some total synthesis.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
2R01GM068433-09A1
Application #
8283752
Study Section
Synthetic and Biological Chemistry B Study Section (SBCB)
Program Officer
Lees, Robert G
Project Start
2003-09-01
Project End
2015-04-30
Budget Start
2012-05-07
Budget End
2013-04-30
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$227,797
Indirect Cost
$77,797
Name
University of Chicago
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
005421136
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60637
Wang, Chuan; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2014) Tungsten-catalyzed asymmetric epoxidation of allylic and homoallylic alcohols with hydrogen peroxide. J Am Chem Soc 136:1222-5
Wang, Chuan; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2014) Tungsten-catalyzed regioselective and stereospecific ring opening of 2,3-epoxy alcohols and 2,3-epoxy sulfonamides. J Am Chem Soc 136:6888-91
Tan, Jiajing; Akakura, Matsujiro; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2013) The supersilyl group as a carboxylic acid protecting group: application to highly stereoselective aldol and Mannich reactions. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 52:7198-202
Li, Zhi; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2013) Hydroxamic acids in asymmetric synthesis. Acc Chem Res 46:506-18
Yamamoto, Hisashi (2013) Ten years of research in Chicago. Tetrahedron 69:
Olivares-Romero, Jose Luis; Li, Zhi; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2013) Catalytic enantioselective epoxidation of tertiary allylic and homoallylic alcohols. J Am Chem Soc 135:3411-3
Oda, Susumu; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2013) Synthesis of ?-hydroxy-?-haloesters through super silyl ester directed syn-selective aldol reaction. Org Lett 15:6030-3
Oda, Susumu; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2013) Generation of organolithium compounds bearing super silyl ester and their application to Matteson rearrangement. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 52:8165-8
Olivares-Romero, Jose Luis; Li, Zhi; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2012) Hf(IV)-catalyzed enantioselective epoxidation of N-alkenyl sulfonamides and N-tosyl imines. J Am Chem Soc 134:5440-3
Nishikawa, Yasuhiro; Yamamoto, Hisashi (2011) Iron-catalyzed asymmetric epoxidation of *,*-disubstituted enones. J Am Chem Soc 133:8432-5

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