TAK1 kinase is an essential signaling intermediate involving multiple signaling pathways including TNF, IL-1, and stress pathways. We have recently demonstrated that the targeted deletion of TAK1 in multiple epithelial tissues causes cell death and inflammatory conditions. Thus, TAK1 is critically involved in tissue homeostasis by regulating cell death. Although TAK1 regulation of pro-inflammatory signaling leading to cytokine production has been well studied, the TAK1 pathways regulating cell death remain elusive. We have identified that TAK1 regulates the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS). TAK1 binding proteins, TAB1 and TAB2, differentially participate in TAK1 signaling;TAB2 mediates cytokine-induced TAK1 activation, whereas TAB1 mediates activation of TAK1 specifically in response to stress. We hypothesize that TAK1 regulates cell survival and inflammation in vivo by modulating ROS, and that TAB1 and TAB2 regulate TAK1-cell survival signaling in response to stimulus unique to each protein. The long-term objective is to delineate the TAK1 signaling network regulating tissue homeostasis. In short- term, we aim to determine the roles of TAK1, TAB1 and TAB2 in ROS-dependent cell death pathway. Outcomes from this project will enhance our understanding of tissue homeostasis specifically regulation of ROS, cell death and inflammation, which could lead to new approaches to improve many inflammatory conditions that are associated with ROS.

Public Health Relevance

To maintain tissue integrity, cells need to prevent unscheduled cell death, which could induce tissue damages and inflammation. In many tissues, potential cell death inducers such as cytokines and stressors constantly present even in normal conditions;however cells are resistant to those inducers. We have found that mice having deletion of TAK1 kinase in the epithelial tissues spontaneously develop tissue damages associated with cell death. This suggests that TAK1 kinase activity is important to prevent cell death in normal tissues. In this project, we will determine the mechanism by which TAK1 controls cell death and define how TAK1 kinase activity is regulated in normal tissues. The outcomes enhance our understanding of the regulatory mechanism of tissue integrity, which could lead new approaches to prevent tissue damage-associated pathogenic conditions.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Molecular and Integrative Signal Transduction Study Section (MIST)
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Marino, Pamela
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North Carolina State University Raleigh
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Earth Sciences/Natur
United States
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Mihaly, September R; Morioka, Sho; Ninomiya-Tsuji, Jun et al. (2014) Activated macrophage survival is coordinated by TAK1 binding proteins. PLoS One 9:e94982
Ikeda, Yuka; Morioka, Sho; Matsumoto, Kunihiro et al. (2014) TAK1 binding protein 2 is essential for liver protection from stressors. PLoS One 9:e88037
Morioka, Sho; Broglie, Peter; Omori, Emily et al. (2014) TAK1 kinase switches cell fate from apoptosis to necrosis following TNF stimulation. J Cell Biol 204:607-23
Omori, Emily; Inagaki, Maiko; Mishina, Yuji et al. (2012) Epithelial transforming growth factor *-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) is activated through two independent mechanisms and regulates reactive oxygen species. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:3365-70
Omori, E; Matsumoto, K; Ninomiya-Tsuji, J (2011) Non-canonical ?-catenin degradation mediates reactive oxygen species-induced epidermal cell death. Oncogene 30:3336-44
Broglie, Peter; Matsumoto, Kunihiro; Akira, Shizuo et al. (2010) Transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) kinase adaptor, TAK1-binding protein 2, plays dual roles in TAK1 signaling by recruiting both an activator and an inhibitor of TAK1 kinase in tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway. J Biol Chem 285:2333-9
Sakamoto, Kensuke; Huang, Bo-Wen; Iwasaki, Kenta et al. (2010) Regulation of genotoxic stress response by homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 through phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein at serine 271. Mol Biol Cell 21:2966-74
Kajino-Sakamoto, Rie; Omori, Emily; Nighot, Prashant K et al. (2010) TGF-beta-activated kinase 1 signaling maintains intestinal integrity by preventing accumulation of reactive oxygen species in the intestinal epithelium. J Immunol 185:4729-37
Omori, Emily; Matsumoto, Kunihiro; Zhu, Songyun et al. (2010) Ablation of TAK1 upregulates reactive oxygen species and selectively kills tumor cells. Cancer Res 70:8417-25
Morioka, S; Omori, E; Kajino, T et al. (2009) TAK1 kinase determines TRAIL sensitivity by modulating reactive oxygen species and cIAP. Oncogene 28:2257-65

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