Molecular motors that drive cargo transport along cytoskeletal filaments are critical for processes such as cell division, cell motility, intracellular trafficking and ciliary function. Kinesins are a superfamily of molecular motors that use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move along or destabilize microtubule filaments. Much attention has been paid to the chemomechanical cycle and cellular functions of kinesin motors. An important aspect that is less understood is how motor proteins are regulated in cells to ensure their activity at the proper place and time. By using in vivo model systems that incorporate the complexity of cargo/motor complexes and their regulatory mechanisms, as well as in vitro biochemical and biophysical methods, we aim to understand the regulatory mechanisms that control kinesin activity and transport events inside cells. We will analyze roles of different kinesin-2 family members in intraflagellar transport (IFT) and specifically, their contributions to building primary cilia versus the delivery of molecules required for sensation and signaling. We will determine the mechanisms by which ciliary access of kinesin motors is regulated by importin proteins and a Ran gradient. We will explore the regulatory mechanisms that control kinesin motor activity and location during ciliary resorption and entry into mitosis. This work will provide exciting new insights into how the regulation of motor proteins gives rise to coordinated transport of protein complexes in cells and will suggest therapeutic targets in human disease.

Public Health Relevance

Kinesin motors are nanomachines that drive cellular processes such as cell division, intracellular transport, and ciliary function. The work in this proposal will aid in the knowledge and treatment of kinesin-based human pathologies such as neurodegeneration, cancer and a group of diseases known collectively as the ciliopathies.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Nuclear and Cytoplasmic Structure/Function and Dynamics Study Section (NCSD)
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Gindhart, Joseph G
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University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Anatomy/Cell Biology
Schools of Medicine
Ann Arbor
United States
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Takao, Daisuke; Dishinger, John F; Kee, H Lynn et al. (2014) An assay for clogging the ciliary pore complex distinguishes mechanisms of cytosolic and membrane protein entry. Curr Biol 24:2288-94
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Kee, Hooi Lynn; Dishinger, John F; Blasius, T Lynne et al. (2012) A size-exclusion permeability barrier and nucleoporins characterize a ciliary pore complex that regulates transport into cilia. Nat Cell Biol 14:431-7
Verhey, Kristen J; Dishinger, John; Kee, Hooi Lynn (2011) Kinesin motors and primary cilia. Biochem Soc Trans 39:1120-5

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