Many processes in cells are mediated by large protein assemblies or multi-protein complexes that work together in a highly regulated manner to maintain normal homeostasis. Aberrations in multi-subunit protein complexes can lead to various disease states. In order to understand how """"""""protein machines"""""""" function in various cellular processes and to aid future drug development, mapping interaction networks of protein complexes has become one of the major endeavors in modern proteomics research. In order to capture protein interactions of all types in living cells, we have developed the QTAX method to allow effective capture, purification, and quantitative identification of stable, weak and/or transient protein interactions of protein complexes. This strategy allows generating an authentic snapshot of protein interaction networks as they exist in living cells. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) represents the major pathway for regulated degradation of intracellular proteins in eukaryotes, which helps control numerous essential physiological processes. Aberration of the UPS is known to lead to a variety of human diseases including cancer. The first class of anticancer drugs acts through general inhibition of the UPS and is effective but cannot be used for long-term treatment. This is because general proteasome inhibition will block the entire degradation process and affect many processes nonspecifically. In order to develop more effective and less toxic therapeutics, it is necessary to determine proteasome structural and functional heterogeneity and obtain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of UPS regulation and substrate specificity. Toward these goals, this proposal aims to investigate two previously uncharacterized subgroups of human 26S proteasome complexes in mammalian cells and to advance QTAX-based protein interaction study to new levels by defining structural topologies of in vivo protein complexes. The development of these novel strategies will be an exciting technological advancement in proteomics research.
The specific aims i nclude: 1) To unravel structural and functional differences of DNA-bound and non-DNA bound human proteasome complexes using the QTAX strategy;2) To develop the next generation of the QTAX strategy for mass spectrometric characterization of in vivo protein interaction topologies of protein complexes;3) To determine quantitative differences in ubiquitin receptor- associated proteasome complexes by a split-tag strategy and quantitative mass spectrometry.
The ubiquitin-proteasome system affects many important cellular processes and has been implicated in a variety of human diseases including cancer. Comprehensive analysis of the human 26S proteasome to elucidate its structure, function and regulation will allow direct identification of potential molecular targets for improved cancer therapeutics targeting proteasome inhibition.
|Guo, Xing; Wang, Xiaorong; Wang, Zhiping et al. (2016) Site-specific proteasome phosphorylation controls cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Nat Cell Biol 18:202-12|
|Suematsu, Takuma; Zhang, Liye; Aphasizheva, Inna et al. (2016) Antisense Transcripts Delimit Exonucleolytic Activity of the Mitochondrial 3' Processome to Generate Guide RNAs. Mol Cell 61:364-78|
|Lv, Yiqing; Meng, Bo; Dong, Hao et al. (2016) Upregulation of GSK3Î² Contributes to Brain Disorders in Elderly REGÎ³-knockout Mice. Neuropsychopharmacology 41:1340-9|
|Gutierrez, Craig B; Yu, Clinton; Novitsky, Eric J et al. (2016) Developing an Acidic Residue Reactive and Sulfoxide-Containing MS-Cleavable Homobifunctional Cross-Linker for Probing Protein-Protein Interactions. Anal Chem 88:8315-22|
|Aphasizheva, Inna; Maslov, Dmitri A; Qian, Yu et al. (2016) Ribosome-associated pentatricopeptide repeat proteins function as translational activators in mitochondria of trypanosomes. Mol Microbiol 99:1043-58|
|Fang, Lei; Chen, Danqi; Yu, Clinton et al. (2016) Mechanisms Underlying Acrolein-Mediated Inhibition of Chromatin Assembly. Mol Cell Biol 36:2995-3008|
|Yu, Clinton; Yang, Yingying; Wang, Xiaorong et al. (2016) Characterization of Dynamic UbR-Proteasome Subcomplexes by In vivo Cross-linking (X) Assisted Bimolecular Tandem Affinity Purification (XBAP) and Label-free Quantitation. Mol Cell Proteomics 15:2279-92|
|Zhang, Hong-Hai; Lechuga, Thomas J; Chen, Yuezhou et al. (2016) Quantitative Proteomics Analysis of VEGF-Responsive Endothelial Protein S-Nitrosylation Using Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino Acids in Cell Culture (SILAC) and LC-MS/MS. Biol Reprod 94:114|
|Liu, Jinqiang; Yu, Clinton; Hu, Xichan et al. (2015) Dissecting Fission Yeast Shelterin Interactions via MICro-MS Links Disruption of Shelterin Bridge to Tumorigenesis. Cell Rep 12:2169-80|
|Zhang, Hong-Hai; Wang, Wen; Feng, Lin et al. (2015) S-nitrosylation of Cofilin-1 Serves as a Novel Pathway for VEGF-Stimulated Endothelial Cell Migration. J Cell Physiol 230:406-17|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 61 publications