The objective of this research program is to discover and develop new reaction methodology en route to the synthesis of complex bioactive molecules. Our proposed studies will focus on the development of methods that enable the synthesis of core structural and stereochemical subunits prevalent in many bioactive, polycyclic natural products. The processes that we develop will find utility in the synthesis of a variety of complex, biologically active molecules for which there is currently no efficient synthetic roadmap. Importantly, the methods presented in this application will be useful outside of the contexts described herein and will provide practitioners of synthetic chemistry (in academics, government, and industry) a new set of important tools to access crucial building blocks for synthesis. The research proposed in this grant application is focused on a) the development of new palladium- catalyzed enantio-selective alkylation and protonation reactions that produce important building blocks for synthesis, b) the development of novel methods for the synthesis of fused ring system arrays, and c) the implementation of these new tools in the syntheses of numerous natural and non-natural bioactive small molecules. Specifically, we outline approaches to dichroanone, liphagal, cyanthiwigin G, platensimycin, paroxetine, and ineleganolide. These molecules are important from a biological standpoint, but also serve as a testing ground for our new technologies. As a consequence of this approach, we will have access to a) novel, medicinally relevant structures, b) a general platform for their synthesis, and c) new synthetic methodology that will benefit a host of diverse applications. Relevance to Public Health: At the core of chemistry rests the power to manipulate the elements for the preparation of specific arrays of atoms in a predictable and reliable fashion. As synthetic chemists, our capacity to construct molecules with exquisite precision is unique in the sciences. In this proposal we outline a number of new approaches toward constructing important linkages and implementing these methods in highly complex situations of relevance to human medicine. ? ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Synthetic and Biological Chemistry B Study Section (SBCB)
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Schwab, John M
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California Institute of Technology
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United States
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Bhat, Vikram; Welin, Eric R; Guo, Xuelei et al. (2017) Advances in Stereoconvergent Catalysis from 2005 to 2015: Transition-Metal-Mediated Stereoablative Reactions, Dynamic Kinetic Resolutions, and Dynamic Kinetic Asymmetric Transformations. Chem Rev 117:4528-4561
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Shockley, Samantha E; Hethcox, J Caleb; Stoltz, Brian M (2017) Asymmetric Synthesis of All-Carbon Quaternary Spirocycles via a Catalytic Enantioselective Allylic Alkylation Strategy. Tetrahedron Lett 58:3341-3343
Hethcox, J Caleb; Shockley, Samantha E; Stoltz, Brian M (2017) Enantioselective Iridium-Catalyzed Allylic Alkylation Reactions of Masked Acyl Cyanide Equivalents. Org Lett 19:1527-1529

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