The long term goal of this research project is to achieve quantitative understandings of system-level E. coli chemotaxis behaviors and their underlying molecular level mechanisms. We will develop mathematical models of protein interaction network and its dynamics based on structural and biochemical details of the chemotaxis signaling pathway. These models will be studied by using analytical analysis and numerical simulation methods. The results from these models will be used to explain experimental data and make testable predictions. The iterative comparison between models and experimental data will be used to improve/refine the models. In this proposal, we will focus on studying two essential aspects of the E. coli chemotaxis pathway: 1) The signaling dynamics and function of the chemorecetor array. We will investigate how the mixed receptor array can distinguish different stimuli (signals) and how the cell makes decision based on the information. We want to study the effect of ATP hydrolysis in sensor kinase signaling and how it modulates the kinase response sensitivity to receptor ligand binding. 2) The switching mechanism for flagellar motor and its dependence on mechanical signals. We want to understand how the flagellar motor can be controlled by changes in its mechanical environment (force, load) in addition to the intracelur chemical signals. In summary, we plan to investigate and understand how an E. coli cell senses different (chemical and physical) signals, how it processes this information, and how it makes decisions in complex environments with multiple, time varying cues.
The concepts and tools developed in the quantitative, system-level modeling of a complete sensory signal transduction pathway will be useful in understanding signaling pathways and sensory systems in higher organisms, including human. The molecular level understanding of the bacterial chemotaxis pathway is important to study the role of bacterial pathogens in human health.
|Renault, Thibaud T; Abraham, Anthony O; Bergmiller, Tobias et al. (2017) Bacterial flagella grow through an injection-diffusion mechanism. Elife 6:|
|Li, Zhaojun; Cai, Qiuxian; Zhang, Xuanqi et al. (2017) Barrier Crossing in Escherichia coli Chemotaxis. Phys Rev Lett 118:098101|
|Cao, Li-Hui; Yang, Dong; Wu, Wei et al. (2017) Odor-evoked inhibition of olfactory sensory neurons drives olfactory perception in Drosophila. Nat Commun 8:1357|
|Cao, Li-Hui; Jing, Bi-Yang; Yang, Dong et al. (2016) Distinct signaling of Drosophila chemoreceptors in olfactory sensory neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E902-11|
|Lan, Ganhui; Tu, Yuhai (2016) Information processing in bacteria: memory, computation, and statistical physics: a key issues review. Rep Prog Phys 79:052601|
|Sartori, Pablo; Tu, Yuhai (2015) Free energy cost of reducing noise while maintaining a high sensitivity. Phys Rev Lett 115:118102|
|Cao, Yuansheng; Wang, Hongli; Ouyang, Qi et al. (2015) The free energy cost of accurate biochemical oscillations. Nat Phys 11:772-778|
|Yu, Daqi; Ma, Xiaomin; Tu, Yuhai et al. (2015) Both piston-like and rotational motions are present in bacterial chemoreceptor signaling. Sci Rep 5:8640|
|Zhu, Xuejun; Ge, Xin; Li, Ning et al. (2014) Angle sensing in magnetotaxis of Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1. Integr Biol (Camb) 6:706-13|
|Hu, Bo; Tu, Yuhai (2014) Behaviors and strategies of bacterial navigation in chemical and nonchemical gradients. PLoS Comput Biol 10:e1003672|
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