The exploration of adaptation has been a keystone of evolutionary biology research since Darwin published Origin of Species. Despite this long history of investigation, the genetic basis of adaptation has only recently been studied in a comprehensive manner, primarily because until recently, the necessary genetic and genomic technologies were unavailable. One signature of adaptation in species with high migration rates is genetic differentiation between populations of the same species. In such cases, local selection in different environments is strong enough to overcome the homogenizing force of gene flow. The proposed work seeks to explore the genomics of adaptation along latitudinal clines in the genetic model system, Drosophila melanogaster. The work will use microarray analysis, DNA sequencing, and genetics, to describe variation in genes (and the associated phenotypes) influenced by spatially varying selection in D. melanogaster.
The goal of this project is to use genomic technologies, population genetic approaches, and genetic analysis to understand variation in the Drosophila genome affecting phenotypes related to gametogenesis, meiosis and DNA repair. These approaches could eventually be used in human populations.
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|Sedghifar, Alisa; Saelao, Perot; Begun, David J (2016) Genomic Patterns of Geographic Differentiation in Drosophila simulans. Genetics 202:1229-40|
|Schrider, Daniel R; Hahn, Matthew W; Begun, David J (2016) Parallel Evolution of Copy-Number Variation across Continents in Drosophila melanogaster. Mol Biol Evol 33:1308-16|
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|Zhao, Li; Wit, Janneke; Svetec, Nicolas et al. (2015) Parallel Gene Expression Differences between Low and High Latitude Populations of Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. PLoS Genet 11:e1005184|
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|Schrider, Daniel R; Begun, David J; Hahn, Matthew W (2013) Detecting highly differentiated copy-number variants from pooled population sequencing. Pac Symp Biocomput :344-55|
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