Genomic imprinting is essential for mammalian development. Dysregulation of imprinting genes can lead to cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and other kinds of human diseases. Although genomic imprinting was identified in mammals almost three decades ago, it is still unclear if genomic imprinting plays a role in late embryonic development. Many unanswered questions persist about the nature of genomic imprinting memory and about how genomic imprints are established and maintained. This proposal aims to uncover the underlying molecular mechanisms of establishment, maintenance and acquisition of DNA methylation imprints in mouse embryos and in cell culture. These objectives can be reached now because we have discovered an important regulator in DNA methylation imprints. Our preliminary results indicate that ZFP57 appears to be required for cardiovascular development. ZFP57 can target DNA methyltransferases to imprinting control regions to initiate and maintain DNA methylation imprints. Our proposed experiments will examine whether ZFP57 regulates LIN-12/Notch signaling in cardiovascular development via its target imprinted gene, thereby linking genomic imprinting to late stages of embryonic development. The expected outcome from this research will further our understanding of the establishment and maintenance of DNA methylation imprints, setting the stage for future studies to unravel the molecular nature of genomic imprinting memory. Successful completion of these experiments will also provide proof of principle for manipulating DNA methylation imprints in pluripotent stem cells for future therapeutic applications.

Public Health Relevance

Dysregulation of genomic imprinting are associated with a variety of human diseases including metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Indeed, it was just published that mutations in human Zfp57 result in hypomethylation at multiple imprinted regions and are associated with transient neonatal diabetes and congenital heart defects.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01GM093335-05
Application #
8645643
Study Section
Development - 2 Study Section (DEV2)
Program Officer
Carter, Anthony D
Project Start
2010-05-17
Project End
2015-04-30
Budget Start
2014-05-01
Budget End
2015-04-30
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$316,064
Indirect Cost
$127,964
Name
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Department
Biology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
078861598
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10029