In this application, we request five years of support to collect three additional waves of data from participants in the Families In It Together (FIIT) project, a prospective longitudinal study of a cohort of rural African American youths and their families. Analyses of data collected during early (11-14 years) and later (15-18 years) adolescence identified parenting styles, involvement in family and community networks, collective socialization and monitoring in extended kin networks, and racial socialization as processes that promoted positive development and shielded youths from the effects of economic hardship, racial discrimination, and oppressive social structures. It is not known, though, whether or how these processes carry forward to promote development during emerging adulthood. In rural Georgia, few high school graduates receive postsecondary education and few job opportunities that can lead to meaningful careers are available to emerging adults. With no stake in conventional educational or occupational systems, rural African Americans are at risk for compromised psychological adjustment and health outcomes. In addition to the stress associated with opportunity limitations, rural African Americans frequently experience racial discrimination and encounter oppressive social structures. Despite these contextual challenges, many rural African American adults find steady employment or continue their educations;experience positive adjustment and good health;and form social connections with informal mentors, friends, and romantic partners. The processes responsible for explaining the diverse outcomes of this population during emerging adulthood have not been addressed. No longitudinal studies track rural African Americans'development as they transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood;the proposed research is designed to help meet this need and to provide information that will inform the development of preventive interventions for this understudied population. Public Health Relevance: The proposed research will identify how families, friends, and mentors in rural African American communities promote the development of adolescents as they leave high school and begin vocational or educational pursuits. The results of the proposed research will be used to inform the design of prevention programs for rural African American emerging adults and their families.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HD030588-19
Application #
8249026
Study Section
Social Psychology, Personality and Interpersonal Processes Study Section (SPIP)
Program Officer
Esposito, Layla E
Project Start
2008-06-01
Project End
2014-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
19
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$530,626
Indirect Cost
$154,651
Name
University of Georgia
Department
Psychology
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
004315578
City
Athens
State
GA
Country
United States
Zip Code
30602
Chen, Edith; Miller, Gregory E; Yu, Tianyi et al. (2016) The Great Recession and health risks in African American youth. Brain Behav Immun 53:234-41
Brody, Gene H; Yu, Tianyi; Miller, Gregory E et al. (2016) Resilience in Adolescence, Health, and Psychosocial Outcomes. Pediatrics 138:
Beach, Steven R H; Lei, Man-Kit; Brody, Gene H et al. (2016) Parenting, Socioeconomic Status Risk, and Later Young Adult Health: Exploration of Opposing Indirect Effects via DNA Methylation. Child Dev 87:111-21
Cho, Junhan; Kogan, Steven M; Brody, Gene H (2016) Genetic moderation of transactional relations between parenting practices and child self-regulation. J Fam Psychol 30:780-790
Smearman, Erica L; Almli, Lynn M; Conneely, Karen N et al. (2016) Oxytocin Receptor Genetic and Epigenetic Variations: Association With Child Abuse and Adult Psychiatric Symptoms. Child Dev 87:122-34
Beach, Steven R H; Lei, Man Kit; Brody, Gene H et al. (2016) Prevention of Early Substance Use Mediates, and Variation at SLC6A4 Moderates, SAAF Intervention Effects on OXTR Methylation. Prev Sci :
Brody, Gene H; Miller, Gregory E; Yu, Tianyi et al. (2016) Supportive Family Environments Ameliorate the Link Between Racial Discrimination and Epigenetic Aging: A Replication Across Two Longitudinal Cohorts. Psychol Sci 27:530-41
Brody, Gene H; Yu, Tianyi; Barton, Allen W et al. (2016) Youth temperament, harsh parenting, and variation in the oxytocin receptor gene forecast allostatic load during emerging adulthood. Dev Psychopathol :1-13
Brody, Gene H; Yu, Tianyi; Beach, Steven R H (2016) Resilience to adversity and the early origins of disease. Dev Psychopathol 28:1347-1365
Brody, Gene H; Yu, Tianyi; Chen, Edith et al. (2016) Family-centered prevention ameliorates the longitudinal association between risky family processes and epigenetic aging. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 57:566-74

Showing the most recent 10 out of 36 publications