Forming satisfying intimate relationships and establishing oneself in the world of work are key tasks of young adulthood. Although success in these endeavors has significant implications for health and well- being across the lifespan, today's young adults face these tasks at a time of dramatic economic decline and uncertainty. This project builds on two longitudinal studies, one beginning in middle childhood and one in adolescence, to examine how parents and siblings promote young adults'development and adjustment in the domains of love and work. The Family Relationships Project has followed approximately 200, two- parent, working and middle class, European American families for about 10 years, since firstborn siblings were about 10, and secondborns, about 8 years of age. The Juntos Project studied 246, two-parent, working and middle class, Mexican American families when older siblings averaged 15, and younger siblings averaged about 12 years of age. We propose to collect two additional waves of data from mothers, fathers, and two young adult siblings in each family, as well as from young adults'romantic partners, when young adults are in their 20s. Data collection will focus on young adults'expectations and choices about romantic relationships, education, and work as well as their psycho-social adjustment to work and family roles. Analyses will be directed at identifying links between early family experiences and young adults'love and work roles, and at assessing the ways in which family supports and stressors moderate those linkages in European and Mexican American families. Analyses also are directed at the role of child effects in early family dynamics, and ultimately in young adults'choices about and adjustment to their work and family roles. In addition, comparable data on two siblings from each family allow us to examine nonshared family processes and to address the question of why two children growing up in the same family have similar, or markedly different, developmental trajectories and young adult outcomes. Together, our findings will illuminate how families work as socialization systems in development across adolescence and into young adulthood within two distinct cultural settings.

Public Health Relevance

This study is a follow-up of about 200 European American and about 245 Mexican American two-parent families with at least two offspring that we have studied since the target youth in those families were in middle childhood and adolescence. The overarching goal is to learn how family relationship experiences in childhood and adolescence are linked to young adults'development and adjustment in the domains of love and work. These two domains are central to young adult development, and the choices young women and men make about their intimate relationships and occupations will have implications for their psychosocial and physical well-being throughout adult life.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HD032336-15
Application #
8619641
Study Section
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section (PDRP)
Program Officer
Esposito, Layla E
Project Start
1994-08-15
Project End
2015-02-28
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
15
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$329,715
Indirect Cost
$66,214
Name
Pennsylvania State University
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Allied Health Profes
DUNS #
003403953
City
University Park
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
16802
Loeser, Meghan K; Whiteman, Shawn D; McHale, Susan M (2016) Siblings' Perceptions of Differential Treatment, Fairness, and Jealousy and Adolescent Adjustment: A Moderated Indirect Effects Model. J Child Fam Stud 25:2405-2414
Zeiders, Katharine H; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J et al. (2016) Familism Values, Family Time, and Mexican-Origin Young Adults' Depressive Symptoms. J Marriage Fam 78:91-106
Padilla, Jenny; McHale, Susan M; Updegraff, Kimberly A et al. (2016) Mexican-origin parents' differential treatment and siblings' adjustment from adolescence to young adulthood. J Fam Psychol 30:955-965
Halgunseth, Linda C; Jensen, Alexander C; Sakuma, Kari-Lyn et al. (2016) The role of mothers' and fathers' religiosity in African American adolescents' religious beliefs and practices. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 22:386-94
Lam, Chun Bun; Greene, Kaylin M; McHale, Susan M (2016) Housework time from middle childhood through adolescence: Links to parental work hours and youth adjustment. Dev Psychol 52:2071-2084
Padilla, Jenny; McHale, Susan M; Rovine, Michael J et al. (2016) Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values from Adolescence into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links with Parent-Youth Conflict. J Youth Adolesc 45:2417-2430
McHale, Susan M; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Feinberg, Mark E (2016) Siblings of Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Theoretical Perspectives on Sibling Relationships and Individual Adjustment. J Autism Dev Disord 46:589-602
Perez-Brena, Norma J; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J (2015) Transmission of cultural values among Mexican-origin parents and their adolescent and emerging adult offspring. Fam Process 54:232-46
Jensen, Alexander C; McHale, Susan M (2015) What makes siblings different? The development of sibling differences in academic achievement and interests. J Fam Psychol 29:469-78
Lee, Bora; Lawson, Katie M; McHale, Susan M (2015) Longitudinal Associations Between Gender-typed Skills and Interests and Their Links to Occupational Outcomes. J Vocat Behav 88:121-130

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