The online world is transforming the experiences and relationships of youth in both positive and negative ways. Identifying youth who may be more vulnerable to Internet victimization as well as protective factors that may reduce this risk is an important public health concern. Using an innovative online data collection strategy, we propose to scientifically examine the potential risk and protective factors that Internet use poses to adolescent health. 2700 young people 13-18 years of age will be surveyed. Findings have applied implications for adolescent health research by identifying positive experiences both online and offline that have protective influences on stressful contextual factors for youth, as well as behaviors that should be targeted for prevention. Our multidisciplinary team of professionals brings together expertise in adolescent Internet health and disease prevention. Findings will directly inform future Internet-based prevention programs aimed at promoting healthy youth development.

Public Health Relevance

This project has the possibility to directly inform the development of prevention programs aimed at promoting protective behaviors online that may benefit healthy youth development online and offline as well as reducing potential health risks youth face from online victimization.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Project (R01)
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Community Influences on Health Behavior (CIHB)
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Maholmes, Valerie
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Center for Innovative Public Health Research
San Clemente
United States
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Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J (2016) A National Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual (LGB), and Non-LGB Youth Sexual Behavior Online and In-Person. Arch Sex Behav 45:1357-72
Ybarra, Michele L; Rosario, Margaret; Saewyc, Elizabeth et al. (2016) Sexual Behaviors and Partner Characteristics by Sexual Identity Among Adolescent Girls. J Adolesc Health 58:310-6
Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J (2015) The Authors Reply. J Adolesc Health 57:129
Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Kosciw, Joseph G et al. (2015) Understanding linkages between bullying and suicidal ideation in a national sample of LGB and heterosexual youth in the United States. Prev Sci 16:451-62
Korchmaros, Josephine D; Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J (2015) Adolescent online romantic relationship initiation: differences by sexual and gender identification. J Adolesc 40:54-64
Reisner, Sari L; Greytak, Emily A; Parsons, Jeffrey T et al. (2015) Gender minority social stress in adolescence: disparities in adolescent bullying and substance use by gender identity. J Sex Res 52:243-56
Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Palmer, Neal A et al. (2015) Online social support as a buffer against online and offline peer and sexual victimization among U.S. LGBT and non-LGBT youth. Child Abuse Negl 39:123-36
Mitchell, Kimberly J; Ybarra, Michele L; Korchmaros, Josephine D (2014) Sexual harassment among adolescents of different sexual orientations and gender identities. Child Abuse Negl 38:280-95
Mitchell, Kimberly J; Ybarra, Michele L; Korchmaros, Josephine D et al. (2014) Accessing sexual health information online: use, motivations and consequences for youth with different sexual orientations. Health Educ Res 29:147-57
Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J (2014) ""Sexting"" and its relation to sexual activity and sexual risk behavior in a national survey of adolescents. J Adolesc Health 55:757-64

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