This competing continuation proposal examines a developmental model of adolescents'peer and family experiences as predictors of long-term psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. We propose to follow a diverse community sample of 172 adolescents, their parents, peers, and romantic partners from ages 13 to 27. We focus upon two stage-salient tasks of adolescence?establishing autonomy and maintaining and building social bonds?and hypothesize that the resolution of these tasks will be fundamental to understanding qualities of adult psychosocial functioning. We also assess important cognitive, affective, and contextual factors that may mediate continuities and discontinuities from adolescent to adult relationship quality and that may potentially serve as targets for intervention efforts. We organize our efforts into three primary Aims:
Aim 1 : Parent and Peer Predictors of Adult Relationship Quality: We begin by seeking to identify critical continuities in adolescent relationship qualities that persist into early adulthood. We focus upon predictors of aspects of adult relationships?particularly social isolation and hostility?known to be closely linked to both mental and physical health.
Aim 2 : Mediators &Moderators of Continuities and Discontinuities from Adolescence to Adulthood: We next examine several processes that potentially mediate the continuities or account for the discontinuities identified in Aim 1. We focus on three specific factors: the individual's attachment organization, rejection sensitivity, and major developmental/contextual transitions.
Aim 3 : Early Adult Adaptational Outcomes: Direct &Mediated Pathways from Adolescence: Finally, we consider adolescent-era predictors of internalizing and externalizing symptoms in adulthood and of the development of functional autonomy?the capacity to manage one's own career, financial, and residential needs. We assess both direct predictions from adolescent relationship qualities across this fifteen-year span, as well as predictions mediated via adult relationship qualities (Aim 1) and intervening factors (Aim 2). This study builds on the vast body of research that has examined relational predictors of functioning within adolescence but now seeks to extend and ground this research by determining which of the many qualities of social relationships that have been identified as important within adolescence are actually predictive of long-term, life outcomes in adulthood. As such, it seeks to inform: a) parents, educators, and clinicians working with adolescents and early adults;b) interventions targeting parenting behaviors and/or peer influences (e.g., delinquency, aggression, and substance abuse prevention and treatment programs);and c) developing theories of the links between social relationships and functional outcomes across this critical portion of the lifespan. Project Narrative This study seeks to identify essential qualities of adolescents'relationships with peers and parents that predict long-term success or failure in adult psychological functioning. It is designed to provide knowledge that will ultimately reduce the incidence of both externalizing symptoms (e.g., delinquency, aggression, substance abuse) and internalizing symptoms (e.g., depression, anxiety, social isolation) in late adolescence and early adulthood by informing: a) parents, educators, and clinicians working with adolescents and early adults;b) interventions targeting parenting behaviors and/or peer influences (e.g., delinquency, aggression, and substance abuse prevention and treatment programs);and c) developing theories of the links between social relationships and functional outcomes across this critical portion of the lifespan.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HD058305-15
Application #
8277305
Study Section
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section (PDRP)
Program Officer
Esposito, Layla E
Project Start
2008-07-10
Project End
2013-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
15
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$546,392
Indirect Cost
$175,129
Name
University of Virginia
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
065391526
City
Charlottesville
State
VA
Country
United States
Zip Code
22904
Kansky, Jessica; Allen, Joseph P; Diener, Ed (2016) Early Adolescent Affect Predicts Later Life Outcomes. Appl Psychol Health Well Being 8:192-212
Gonzalez, Marlen Z; Allen, Joseph P; Coan, James A (2016) Lower neighborhood quality in adolescence predicts higher mesolimbic sensitivity to reward anticipation in adulthood. Dev Cogn Neurosci 22:48-57
Szwedo, David E; Hessel, Elenda T; Allen, Joseph P (2016) Supportive Romantic Relationships as Predictors of Resilience Against Early Adolescent Maternal Negativity. J Youth Adolesc :
Gonzalez, Marlen Z; Beckes, Lane; Chango, Joanna et al. (2015) Adolescent neighborhood quality predicts adult dACC response to social exclusion. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 10:921-8
Szwedo, David E; Chango, Joanna M; Allen, Joseph P (2015) Adolescent romance and depressive symptoms: the moderating effects of positive coping and perceived friendship competence. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 44:538-50
Mikami, Amori Yee; Schad, Megan M; Teachman, Bethany A et al. (2015) Implicit versus Explicit Rejection Self-Perceptions and Adolescents' Interpersonal Functioning. Pers Individ Dif 86:390-393
Oudekerk, Barbara A; Allen, Joseph P; Hessel, Elenda T et al. (2015) The cascading development of autonomy and relatedness from adolescence to adulthood. Child Dev 86:472-85
Hare, Amanda L; Szwedo, David E; Schad, Megan M et al. (2015) Undermining Adolescent Autonomy With Parents and Peers: The Enduring Implications of Psychologically Controlling Parenting. J Res Adolesc 25:739-752
Hafen, Christopher A; Allen, Joseph P; Schad, Megan M et al. (2015) Conflict with Friends, Relationship Blindness, and the Pathway to Adult Disagreeableness. Pers Individ Dif 81:7-12
Niolon, Phyllis Holditch; Kuperminc, Gabriel P; Allen, Joseph P (2015) AUTONOMY AND RELATEDNESS IN MOTHER-TEEN INTERACTIONS AS PREDICTORS OF INVOLVEMENT IN ADOLESCENT DATING AGGRESSION. Psychol Violence 5:133-143

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