Self-regulation is a key aspect of healthy development and impairments in self-regulation are associated with many poor health outcomes. This application addresses the NIH's call for greater consistency and integration in research on self-regulation. Building from a core framework, wherein self-regulation is defined as the recruitment of executive processes (e.g. attention control) to alter prepotent responses (e.g. emotion) we develop a set of mathematical models that aim to unify theoretical perspectives, and to capture the dynamic nature of self-regulation using intensive time-series data. Models are developed and tested using intensive time-series data archived in 5 independent studies of early childhood self-regulation and parent-directed regulation of infant state. In each, behaviors and/or physiology indexing prepotent and executive processes were coded on a second-by-second time scale. Knowledge gained from the unified framework is then used to design and collect new data that provides for tests of predictive validity, developmental differences, and generalization across multiple manifestations of both young children's and parents'self-regulation.

Public Health Relevance

Self-regulation plays an important role in many health problems, such as mental disorders, obesity, and heart disease. This study integrates the diversity of research into a unified model that describes development of self- regulation in young children and in their parents, and identifies potential areas for intervention.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01HD076994-01A1
Application #
8691059
Study Section
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section (PDRP)
Program Officer
Esposito, Layla E
Project Start
2014-07-01
Project End
2019-05-31
Budget Start
2014-07-01
Budget End
2015-05-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Pennsylvania State University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
City
University Park
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
16802
Gershon, Anda; Ram, Nilam; Johnson, Sheri L et al. (2016) Daily Actigraphy Profiles Distinguish Depressive and Interepisode States in Bipolar Disorder. Clin Psychol Sci 4:641-650
Chow, Sy-Miin; Bendezú, Jason J; Cole, Pamela M et al. (2016) A Comparison of Two-Stage Approaches for Fitting Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equation Models with Mixed Effects. Multivariate Behav Res 51:154-84
Lydon, David M; Ram, Nilam; Conroy, David E et al. (2016) The within-person association between alcohol use and sleep duration and quality in situ: An experience sampling study. Addict Behav 61:68-73
Koffer, Rachel E; Ram, Nilam; Conroy, David E et al. (2016) Stressor diversity: Introduction and empirical integration into the daily stress model. Psychol Aging 31:301-20
Lippold, Melissa A; Fosco, Gregory M; Ram, Nilam et al. (2016) Knowledge Lability: Within-Person Changes in Parental Knowledge and Their Associations with Adolescent Problem Behavior. Prev Sci 17:274-83
Schöllgen, Ina; Morack, Jennifer; Infurna, Frank J et al. (2016) Health sensitivity: Age differences in the within-person coupling of individuals' physical health and well-being. Dev Psychol 52:1944-1953
Ong, Anthony D; Ram, Nilam (2016) Fragile and Enduring Positive Affect: Implications for Adaptive Aging. Gerontology :
DuPuis, David; Ram, Nilam; Willner, Cynthia J et al. (2015) Implications of ongoing neural development for the measurement of the error-related negativity in childhood. Dev Sci 18:452-68
Hülür, Gizem; Hoppmann, Christiane A; Ram, Nilam et al. (2015) Developmental associations between short-term variability and long-term changes: Intraindividual correlation of positive and negative affect in daily life and cognitive aging. Dev Psychol 51:987-97
Weybright, Elizabeth H; Caldwell, Linda L; Ram, Nilam et al. (2015) Boredom Prone or Nothing to Do? Distinguishing Between State and Trait Leisure Boredom and its Association with Substance Use in South African Adolescents. Leis Sci 37:311-331

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