Atherosclerosis is a pathogenic consequence of uncontrolled inflammation of the resident cells of vessel wall. Using cell-based model we showed that ribosomal protein L13a-dependent translational silencing pathway could terminate the expression of a group of inflammatory genes. In this proposal we will test whether this mechanism can resolve inflammation. We have demonstrated that IFN-3 induced synthesis of Ceruloplasmin (Cp) and a group of other inflammatory proteins in monocytic cells is under translational control. Further, we discovered a crucial role of ribosomal protein L13a and its release from 60S ribosome in the formation of IFN- Gamma-Activated Inhibitor of Translation (GAIT) complex. The translational silencing mechanism relies on the recognition of L13a-dependent GAIT complex by the GAIT element present in the 3

Public Health Relevance

Uncontrolled inflammation is the cause of many diseases such as atherosclerosis or cardiovascular disease. This research will uncover the insight about the endogenous cellular mechanisms to control the expression of inflammatory molecules and help to generate novel therapeutic agents against inflammatory diseases.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Atherosclerosis and Inflammation of the Cardiovascular System Study Section (AICS)
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Srinivas, Pothur R
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Cleveland State University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Basu, Abhijit; Poddar, Darshana; Robinet, Peggy et al. (2014) Ribosomal protein L13a deficiency in macrophages promotes atherosclerosis by limiting translation control-dependent retardation of inflammation. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 34:533-42
Mazumder, Barsanjit; Poddar, Darshana; Basu, Abhijit et al. (2014) Extraribosomal l13a is a specific innate immune factor for antiviral defense. J Virol 88:9100-10
Das, Priyanka; Basu, Abhijit; Biswas, Aditi et al. (2013) Insights into the mechanism of ribosomal incorporation of mammalian L13a protein during ribosome biogenesis. Mol Cell Biol 33:2829-42
Poddar, Darshana; Basu, Abhijit; Baldwin 3rd, William M et al. (2013) An extraribosomal function of ribosomal protein L13a in macrophages resolves inflammation. J Immunol 190:3600-12
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Mazumder, Barsanjit; Li, Xiaoxia; Barik, Sailen (2010) Translation control: a multifaceted regulator of inflammatory response. J Immunol 184:3311-9
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