S. aureus activates TNF signaling pathways PROJECT SUMMARY Staphylococcus aureus remains a major cause of human infection and the prevalence of invasive staphylococcal disease has increased in the past few years. Protein A or SpA is a highly conserved surface component of S. aureus that has multiple interactions with the immune system. Discrete domains of SpA activate TNFa signaling, EGFR-mediating responses and the activation of the type I interferon cascade. The SpA IgG binding domain activates TNFR1, an interaction that is central to the pathogenesis of pneumonia. We postulate that the SpA-TNFRI interaction is critical in staphylococcal invasion across mucosal barriers through its activation of RhoA GTPases that perturb actomyosin dynamics and disrupt epithelial tight junctions. The SpA IgG binding domain also is an EGFR ligand, stimulating its phosphorylation and activating the ADAM17 metallo-protease. We predict that EGFR also mediates the internalization of SpA, which, through its Xr domain, activates the type I interferon cascade, inducing epithelial production of IFN-b and Jak-STAT phosphorylation in a TLR4/TRIF-dependent fashion. Staphylococcal activation of type I interferons via the TLR4 cascade is postulated to have a major role in the pathogenesis of pneumonia and sepsis. As the Xr domain is a common site of in vivo mutation, duplication and deletion, we will determine if these mutations selected in vivo are generated specifically in response to immune pressure and establish how polymorphisms in Xr contribute to the virulence of S. aureus.

Public Health Relevance

S. aureus activates TNF signaling pathways PROJECT NARRATIVE Staphylococcus aureus infection, especially MRSA infection, is a major public health problem causing increasing morbidity and mortality in previously healthy children and adults. This application focuses upon a major surface component of these bacteria, protein A, which has several important interactions with the immune responses of the host. We will establish the role of protein A in staphylococcal invasion across mucosal barriers as well as its ability to activate the type I interferon cascade in the lung. These studies will demonstrate how mutations in protein A have evolved to enhance the virulence of the organism and provide a potential target for therapeutic intervention.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HL079395-07
Application #
8252149
Study Section
Host Interactions with Bacterial Pathogens Study Section (HIBP)
Program Officer
Banks-Schlegel, Susan P
Project Start
2004-12-01
Project End
2014-04-30
Budget Start
2012-05-01
Budget End
2013-04-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$395,998
Indirect Cost
$148,498
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
621889815
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
Parker, Dane; Planet, Paul J; Soong, Grace et al. (2014) Induction of type I interferon signaling determines the relative pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus strains. PLoS Pathog 10:e1003951
Ahn, D S; Parker, D; Planet, P J et al. (2014) Secretion of IL-16 through TNFR1 and calpain-caspase signaling contributes to MRSA pneumonia. Mucosal Immunol 7:1366-74
Cohen, Taylor S; Prince, Alice S (2013) Bacterial pathogens activate a common inflammatory pathway through IFNýý regulation of PDCD4. PLoS Pathog 9:e1003682
Soong, Grace; Chun, Jarin; Parker, Dane et al. (2012) Staphylococcus aureus activation of caspase 1/calpain signaling mediates invasion through human keratinocytes. J Infect Dis 205:1571-9
Parker, Dane; Prince, Alice (2012) Immunopathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus pulmonary infection. Semin Immunopathol 34:281-97
Cohen, Taylor Sitarik; Prince, Alice (2012) Cystic fibrosis: a mucosal immunodeficiency syndrome. Nat Med 18:509-19
Parker, Dane; Prince, Alice (2011) Innate immunity in the respiratory epithelium. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 45:189-201
Soong, Grace; Martin, Francis J; Chun, Jarin et al. (2011) Staphylococcus aureus protein A mediates invasion across airway epithelial cells through activation of RhoA GTPase signaling and proteolytic activity. J Biol Chem 286:35891-8
Martin, Francis J; Parker, Dane; Harfenist, Bryan S et al. (2011) Participation of CD11c(+) leukocytes in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clearance from the lung. Infect Immun 79:1898-904
Martin, Francis J; Gomez, Marisa I; Wetzel, Dawn M et al. (2009) Staphylococcus aureus activates type I IFN signaling in mice and humans through the Xr repeated sequences of protein A. J Clin Invest 119:1931-9

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