The long-term goal of this study is to understand the molecular mechanisms that control motile cilia assembly and function. Motile cilia play essential roles in multiple physiological processes including mucociliary clearance in the respiratory system, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation and sperm motility. Dysfunction of motile cilia and flagella underlies the human syndrome of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). While the ultrastructure of motile cilia is well characterized, many important aspects of the biogenesis and regulation of motile cilia function remain poorly understood, partly due to a lack of understanding of essential components that control these processes. Our studies on mammalian Hedgehog (Hh) signaling led to the unexpected finding that Fused (Fu), a putative serine-threonine kinase, and Kif27, a kinesin, are key players in regulating motile cilia function, independent of Hh signaling. Thus, studies on Fu and Kif27 provide new mouse models of human PCD. More importantly, they serve to bridge the gap in our understanding of the steps between transcription factors essential for ciliogenesis and construction and maintenance of the motile cilia. We propose the following specific aims: 1) Test the hypothesis that Fu interacts with central pair proteins to regulate their localization and assembly during motile cilia biogenesis. 2) Elucidate the functional interactions between Fu and Kif27 in controlling motile cilia function. 3) Define the role of Fu in controlling motile cilia orientation. 4) Identify Fu targets in controlling ciliogenesis through a combination of candidate gene approaches and systematic chemical labeling methods.

Public Health Relevance

Mutations that affect motile cilia function are associated with human primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Identifying new components and pathways that control these processes are key to further our understanding of the pathophysiology of cilia-related diseases and provide important tools for their diagnosis and treatment. This knowledge has an even wider implication for understanding diseases associated with defective primary nonmotile cilia since similar mechanisms could be employed.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Lung Cellular, Molecular, and Immunobiology Study Section (LCMI)
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Banks-Schlegel, Susan P
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University of California San Francisco
Schools of Medicine
San Francisco
United States
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Nozawa, Yoko Inès; Yao, Erica; Gacayan, Rhodora et al. (2014) Mammalian Fused is essential for sperm head shaping and periaxonemal structure formation during spermatogenesis. Dev Biol 388:170-80
Lin, Chuwen; Chen, Miao-Hsueh; Yao, Erica et al. (2014) Differential regulation of Gli proteins by Sufu in the lung affects PDGF signaling and myofibroblast development. Dev Biol 392:324-33
Nozawa, Yoko Inès; Yao, Erica; Lin, Chuwen et al. (2013) Fused (Stk36) is a ciliary protein required for central pair assembly and motile cilia orientation in the mammalian oviduct. Dev Dyn 242:1307-19
Wilson, Christopher W; Nguyen, Catherine T; Chen, Miao-Hsueh et al. (2009) Fused has evolved divergent roles in vertebrate Hedgehog signalling and motile ciliogenesis. Nature 459:98-102