This proposal aims to identify and validate novel circulating protein biomarkers to address critical, unmet needs in cardiovascular disease management. Our studies will specifically focus on myocardial ischemia and early injury, for which no suitable and clinically practical blood biomarkers presently exist. Our goal is to build on our initial observations and working hypotheses that (1) an unbiased proteomics discovery platform will yield novel biomarkers and (2) simultaneous assessment of multiple biomarkers examining different pathophysiological axes will provide complementary information to improve diagnosis and clarify prognosis. Newly developed proteomics techniques, richly-annotated clinical samples, as well as novel biomarkers already identified serve as the underpinnings for the proposed studies:
In Specific Aim 1, we will use our LC-MS/MS-based proteomics platform to identify novel early markers of myocardial injury in three unique cohorts of patients experiencing planned myocardial ischemia or injury: patients undergoing cardiac exercise stress testing with myocardial perfusion imaging, patients subjected to pacing-induced myocardial ischemia in the cardiac catheterization suite, and patients experiencing a planned myocardial infarction for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
In Specific Aim 2, we will then characterize novel early markers of myocardial injury in carefully phenotyped cohorts of healthy controls, patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), and patients presenting across the spectrum of acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
In Aim 3 a, we will test the hypothesis that the novel biomarkers will aid diagnosis in two currently challenging clinical settings. First, we will test whether measurement of the biomarkers in patients undergoing exercise stress testing will enable the detection of inducible myocardial ischemia. Second, we examine whether measurement of the biomarkers in patients presenting to the Emergency Department with chest pain improves our ability to discriminate between non-ischemic chest pain versus unstable angina.
In Aim 3 b, we will test the hypothesis that the novel biomarkers will offer independent prognostic value beyond traditional clinical risk factors and established biomarkers in patients across several cardiac disease states including initial presentation with unstable angina, recent stabilization after ACS, and stable CAD.
Given the mounting evidence in favor of early treatments for patients presenting with acute coronary artery disease, discovering sensitive and specific biomarkers that provide biochemical evidence of early myocardial injury could have a substantial positive impact on patient care. This project describes the application of new proteomics technology for biomarker discovery and validation of early markers of myocardial injury.
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