Endothelial cell differentiation is essential for blood vessel development and function in both normal and disease settings. For example, in the developing embryo differentiation of arterial and venous endothelial cells is essential for proper vessel patterning and circulatory function. In some cases of congenital vascular disease, endothelial differentiation is perturbed leading to vascular malformations. In other cases, it would be beneficial to actively program blood vessel identify by modulating endothelial differentiation. Thus, a better understanding of the molecular basis of normal endothelial differentiation is highly relevant. While transcriptional hierarchies responsible for cellular differentiation have been extensively characterized in other tissues, much less is known about such programs in endothelial cells. Since the signals that govern pathological neovascularization are also used in the embryo during normal blood vessel development and these signals are evolutionarily conserved, it is possible to study this process using model systems. In this proposal, we will take advantage of the many benefits of the zebra fish as a model system to define the role of the Ets transcription factor, etv2 during endothelial specification. We will investigate the mechanisms responsible for Etv2 regulation at both the post-translational and transcriptional levels. We will also identify direct targets of etv2 relevant to endothelial specification, with a particular emphasis on genes encoding transcription factors. We will subsequently identify regulatory gene programs initiated by etv2 and downstream transcription factors and determine how these contribute to endothelial differentiation. Finally, we will determine the role of other Ets transcription factors in transducing external signals to drive artery gene expression and morphogenesis.

Public Health Relevance

Blood vessels have different functions and appearances depending on their anatomical location. These differences are apparent in early embryos, as well as in disease settings, such as blood vessel formation associated with tumor growth during cancer. However, little is known about how these differences arise. In this proposal, we will utilize the zebra fish as a model system to identify gene programs that govern blood vessel identity in the developing embryo.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Cardiovascular Differentiation and Development Study Section (CDD)
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Schramm, Charlene A
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University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Sheppard, Sarah; Lawson, Nathan D; Zhu, Lihua Julie (2013) Accurate identification of polyadenylation sites from 3' end deep sequencing using a naive Bayes classifier. Bioinformatics 29:2564-71
Villefranc, Jacques A; Nicoli, Stefania; Bentley, Katie et al. (2013) A truncation allele in vascular endothelial growth factor c reveals distinct modes of signaling during lymphatic and vascular development. Development 140:1497-506
Moore, John C; Sheppard-Tindell, Sarah; Shestopalov, Ilya A et al. (2013) Post-transcriptional mechanisms contribute to Etv2 repression during vascular development. Dev Biol 384:128-40