Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) is the most prevalent type of chronic heart diseases in the United States and a common underlying etiology of congestive heart failure. Nonetheless the underlying molecular mechanism of ICM remains unclear. Moreover, the prognosis of chronic ICM is very poor if left untreated. Therefore it is highly important to gain a better understanding of the disease mechanism and to identify specific biomarkers for early detection and treatment of ICM. Myofilament proteins in the sarcomeres not only play essential roles in cardiac contractility but also are critical elements in signal reception and transduction during the onset and progression to heart failure. The hypothesis is that post-myocardial infarction (MI) maladaptive cardiac remodeling can result in altered protein modifications in myofilaments that are associated with cardiac dysfunction and offer potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of ICM. Although multiple myofilament post-translational modifications (PTMs) are believed to act in concert in regulating cardiac function, a comprehensive analysis of myofilament proteins simultaneously and assess all synergistic PTM changes related to cardiac function is lacking. Herein, we will employ an innovative integrated "top-down" protein mass spectrometry (MS)-based disease proteomics platform to simultaneously examine myofilament proteins extracted from healthy and diseased swine and human myocardium and identify all disease-related changes in myofilament modifications.
Aim 1 will identify altered protein modifications in myofilaments from diseased swine myocardium of post-MI ICM model and determine their functional consequences.
Aim 2 will determine myofilament alterations in end-stage failing human myocardium from ICM patients and their functional consequences.
Aim 3 will assess the functional effects of novel myofilament modifications in Ca2+-mediated cardiac muscle contraction and relaxation. Mechanical properties (the isometric force and the Ca2+-sensitivity of the force) will be measured in skinned myocardial preparations in parallel to proteomics experiments. Furthermore, we will assess regional systolic and diastolic function to establish mechanistic links between specific proteomic changes and in vivo and ex vivo cardiac function. With the completion of this project, we expect to identify multiple functionally significant alterations in myofilaments and understand how these alterations act in concert to modulate maladaptive signaling during post-MI left ventricular remodeling to failure. The success of our research will provide new insights into the mechanisms underlying ICM and will identify new candidate biomarkers for early detection of the presence and progression of ICM.

Public Health Relevance

Heart failure remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States. Whereas the treatments for acute coronary syndromes have dramatically improved in the past decade, chronic heart disease is approaching epidemic levels in western countries. The success of our research will provide new insights into the mechanisms underlying chronic heart disease and will also identify new candidate biomarkers for early detection of the presence and progression of Ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HL109810-02
Application #
8605545
Study Section
Myocardial Ischemia and Metabolism Study Section (MIM)
Program Officer
Schwartz, Lisa
Project Start
2013-03-01
Project End
2017-02-28
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$368,725
Indirect Cost
$123,725
Name
University of Wisconsin Madison
Department
Anatomy/Cell Biology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
161202122
City
Madison
State
WI
Country
United States
Zip Code
53715
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Cai, Wenxuan; Guner, Huseyin; Gregorich, Zachery R et al. (2016) MASH Suite Pro: A Comprehensive Software Tool for Top-Down Proteomics. Mol Cell Proteomics 15:703-14
Cai, Wenxuan; Tucholski, Trisha M; Gregorich, Zachery R et al. (2016) Top-down Proteomics: Technology Advancements and Applications to Heart Diseases. Expert Rev Proteomics 13:717-30
Chen, Bifan; Peng, Ying; Valeja, Santosh G et al. (2016) Online Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Top-Down Proteomics. Anal Chem 88:1885-91
Yu, Deyang; Peng, Ying; Ayaz-Guner, Serife et al. (2016) Comprehensive Characterization of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Catalytic Domain by Top-Down Mass Spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 27:220-32
Jin, Yutong; Peng, Ying; Lin, Ziqing et al. (2016) Comprehensive analysis of tropomyosin isoforms in skeletal muscles by top-down proteomics. J Muscle Res Cell Motil 37:41-52
Gregorich, Zachery R; Peng, Ying; Lane, Nicole M et al. (2015) Comprehensive assessment of chamber-specific and transmural heterogeneity in myofilament protein phosphorylation by top-down mass spectrometry. J Mol Cell Cardiol 87:102-12
Chen, Yi-Chen; Sumandea, Marius P; Larsson, Lars et al. (2015) Dissecting human skeletal muscle troponin proteoforms by top-down mass spectrometry. J Muscle Res Cell Motil 36:169-81
Valeja, Santosh G; Xiu, Lichen; Gregorich, Zachery R et al. (2015) Three dimensional liquid chromatography coupling ion exchange chromatography/hydrophobic interaction chromatography/reverse phase chromatography for effective protein separation in top-down proteomics. Anal Chem 87:5363-71
Chang, Ying-Hua; Ye, Lei; Cai, Wenxuan et al. (2015) Quantitative proteomics reveals differential regulation of protein expression in recipient myocardium after trilineage cardiovascular cell transplantation. Proteomics 15:2560-7

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