Heart failure (HF) is an enormous, growing public health problem in the U.S. and worldwide. HF is most frequently caused by cardiomyopathy, a disease or dysfunction of the heart. Despite improvements in treatment, HF remains an incurable disease process, and nearly half of patients with HF die within 5 years. HF has an enormous cost to society;annual costs were $34.5 billion in the U.S. in 2010 and costs are estimated to be >$100 billion in 2030. There is a critical need for new insights into the mechanisms that regulate the development and progression of HF in order to create new treatment and prevention strategies for reducing the suffering, disability and cost of this condition. Corin is a recently described cardiac-selective membrane protein, with a serine protease domain that converts the pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (pro-ANP) to active ANP, in addition to frizzled and LRP domains that may interact with ligands to mediate intracellular signaling. Our studies in humans and mice show that corin is an important biomarker of HF and cardiomyopathy. In addition, we have exciting new data that increasing corin levels prevents deterioration of heart function, reduces the development of HF, diminishes myocardial fibrosis and extends life. This project is directed to examining the factors that affect corin expression i the heart and, to elucidating how corin expression and, its protease activity affect HF progression and death in murine models of dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic cardiomyopathy. Studies from our laboratory and others have indicated that sex and age are important determinants of outcomes in patients with cardiomyopathy, consequently in Specific Aim 1 we seek to determine how sex, age and cardiomyopathy affect the expression and activity of the corin-natriuretic peptides system. Then using well characterized experimental models of dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic cardiomyopathy and, unique, genetically modified mice, we will examine in Specific Aim 2 how corin expression and, specifically corin protease activity, affect the progression of cardiomyopathy and HF, as well as survival.
In Specific Aim 3, informed by the insights of Aims 1 and 2, we will determine at the tissue and cellular level how corin alters pathologic processes in dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic cardiomyopathy important for the progression of HF and, then examine at the cellular level the potential signaling mechanisms through which corin may mediate these effects. Given that in cardiomyopathy, corin protects against the progression of HF, preserves systolic function and prolongs life, findings from these studies have the potential to create a new pathophysiologic paradigm that could improve HF treatment and survival.
Heart failure remains an incurable disease process with a mortality of up to 50% within 5 years. We and others have found that corin, a molecule found on heart cells, is a marker of heart failure in humans. In this project we seek to extend our promising findings that, in experimental models, corin protects against progression of heart failure and improves mortality.
|Wang, Dong; Gladysheva, Inna P; Fan, Tai-Hwang M et al. (2014) Atrial natriuretic peptide affects cardiac remodeling, function, heart failure, and survival in a mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy. Hypertension 63:514-9|
|Gladysheva, Inna P; Wang, Dong; McNamee, Rachel A et al. (2013) Corin overexpression improves cardiac function, heart failure, and survival in mice with dilated cardiomyopathy. Hypertension 61:327-32|