In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is a common event that is associated with poor patient outcomes. Yet, some hospitals have been consistently more successful in preventing and treating IHCA than others. While this is thought to be explained by the adoption of key strategies that improve care processes for IHCA, how these strategies are actually utilized in routine practice and the underlying factors contributing to their successful implementation remain largely unknown. Further, an integrative approach that examines strategies used during IHCA and those employed before and after these events has not been previously undertaken. This study will build on extensive prior work by our investigative team using the American Heart Association's Get With The Guidelines (GWTG)- Resuscitation registry and leverage our team's expertise in IHCA and qualitative research. The proposed HEROICA study will lay the foundation for future quality improvement efforts in IHCA by defining 'best practices'adopted by top-performing hospitals to address these events as well as potential barriers to their implementation. We will use a sequential mixed-methods approach to accomplish this goal, integrating quantitative and qualitative analyses. Its 3 Aims will: (1) identfy top- performing hospitals in preventing and treating IHCA within the GWTG-Resuscitation registry;(2) identify 'best practices'at the top-performing sites through semi-structured qualitative interviews;and (3) validate the practices associated with low IHCA incidence and high IHCA survival at top-performing sites. Findings from the study will be used to construct a toolkit of 'best practices'- the Code Blue Bundle. Upon successful completion of this research, we will partner closely with the American Heart Association (AHA) and the GWTG-Resuscitation registry to develop a national quality improvement program that will implement the Code Blue Bundle. Thus, the HEROICA study will increase the capacity of the NHLBI to improve outcomes for patients who suffer an IHCA by providing hospitals with practical and actionable strategies that can be implemented broadly to reduce the incidence and improve the survival of IHCA.

Public Health Relevance

As cardiac arrests occur frequently in U.S. hospitals, this study will enable us to understand why some hospitals are much better at preventing and treating this condition than the rest of the nation. By identifying the strategies used by these to-performing hospitals, our hope is to be able to share these 'best practices'with all hospitals so that fewer patients experience and die of cardiac arrests in the hospital setting.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01HL123980-01
Application #
8757524
Study Section
Health Services Organization and Delivery Study Section (HSOD)
Program Officer
Cooper, Lawton S
Project Start
2014-08-01
Project End
2019-05-31
Budget Start
2014-08-01
Budget End
2015-05-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$479,874
Indirect Cost
$95,252
Name
Saint Luke's Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
073039653
City
Kansas City
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
64111
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Stolker, Joshua M; Spertus, John A; Cohen, David J et al. (2014) Rethinking composite end points in clinical trials: insights from patients and trialists. Circulation 130:1254-61