Considerable recent progress in anatomical, neuropsychological, and neurophysiological studies on humans and animals have confirmed the importance of the hippocampal system in memory, and many of these studies have suggested that distinct components of this system may make different contributions. However, this view is controversial and the precise nature of the contributions of cortical areas surrounding the hippocampus (the parahippocampal region) and the hippocampus itself are not well understood. In the proposed work, we will take advantage of recently developed animal models of hippocampal memory function and employ state-of-the-art multi-channel recording and population analysis methods. Using these methods we will characterize neural representations in subregions of the hippocampus and surrounding cortical areas of animals performing episodic recognition, pattern separation, and pattern completion operations for which performance depends on hippocampal function. We will investigate the hypothesis that the hippocampus rapidly encodes stimuli in the context in which they are experienced whereas separate areas within the surrounding parahippocampal region encode individual stimuli and contextual cues. Furthermore, we will explore the nature of interactions between the hippocampus and cortex, testing the hypothesis that the hippocampus supports the cued recovery of contextual representations within the cortex. These characterizations of individual and combined network processing in the hippocampus and surrounding cortex will improve our understanding of the normal functions of this system as well as its breakdown in memory disorders.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01MH051570-15
Application #
7998186
Study Section
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Study Section (LAM)
Program Officer
Osborn, Bettina D
Project Start
1995-04-01
Project End
2012-04-19
Budget Start
2010-12-01
Budget End
2012-04-19
Support Year
15
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$326,966
Indirect Cost
Name
Boston University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
049435266
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02215
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Eichenbaum, Howard (2014) Remember that? Or does it just seem familiar? A sophisticated test for assessing memory in humans and animals reveals a specific cognitive impairment following general anesthesia in infancy. Neuropsychopharmacology 39:2273-4

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