Recent attachment-related studies have demonstrated that both childhood behavior problems and adolescent psychopathology are predicted by disorganized infant attachment behavior, behavior that is characterized by conflicting behavioral tendencies and the lack of a coherent relational strategy for dealing with stress. However, based on current literature, it is unclear whether a validated measure of disorganized attachment in adolescence exists.
The first aim of the proposed study is to develop and validate a coding protocol for identifying controlling-punitive, controlling-caregiving, and other insecure-disorganized behavior in adolescence. The coding scheme will be based on previous work in the field and will be applied to two attachment-related parent-adolescent interaction assessments. Participants will be 120 adolescents and their mothers from low-income families, 65 of whom who have participated in a longitudinal study at ages 12 and 18 months, 4-5 years, and 7-9 years. The construct validity of the new measure of controlling attachment strategies will be assessed in relation to coding of Unresolved or Cannot Classify attachment strategies as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview and will also be validated against broader aspects of parent-adolescent interaction assessed in a standard revealed differences conflict resolution task, as coded by the Autonomy and Relatedness Scales.
The second aim of the study is to assess whether overall risk in infancy is an important antecedent of disorganized/controlling attachment strategies in adolescence. Mediational models will test whether the onset of behavior problems in the early school years or the mother's lack of facilitation of automony and relatedness in adolescence adds to and/or mediates any observed relation between early relational risk and adolescent attachment behaviors.
The third aim of the study is to assess the degree to which adolescent disorganized/controlling attachment strategies are associated with adolescent psychiatric morbidity. Psychiatric diagnoses will be assessed by the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnosis (SCID) Axis I, the borderline and antisocial personality disorder sections of the SCID II, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) , and the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (ADES). Longitudinal analyses will further assess the degree to which early relational risk and early school age behavior problems are important precursors of adolescent psychopathology. The proposed study will contribute to increased understanding of long-term developmental trajectories that eventuate in psychopathology. In order to implement prevention or treatment programs for reducing adolescent antisocial behavior and psychopathology, it is essential to seek a thorough understanding of the developmental pathways through which such behavior develops over time.
|Brumariu, Laura E; Bureau, Jean-FranÃ§ois; Nemoda, Zsofia et al. (2016) Attachment and Temperament Revisited: Infant Distress, Attachment Disorganization, and the Serotonin Transporter Polymorphism. J Reprod Infant Psychol 34:77-89|
|Byun, Sooyeon; Brumariu, Laura E; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen (2016) Disorganized attachment in young adulthood as a partial mediator of relations between severity of childhood abuse and dissociation. J Trauma Dissociation 17:460-79|
|Obsuth, Ingrid; Hennighausen, Katherine; Brumariu, Laura E et al. (2014) Disorganized behavior in adolescent-parent interaction: relations to attachment state of mind, partner abuse, and psychopathology. Child Dev 85:370-87|
|Vulliez-Coady, Lauriane; Obsuth, Ingrid; Torreiro-Casal, Monica et al. (2013) MATERNAL ROLE CONFUSION: RELATIONS TO MATERNAL ATTACHMENT AND MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTION FROM INFANCY TO ADOLESCENCE. Infant Ment Health J 34:117-131|
|Crockett, Erin E; Holmes, Bjarne M; Granger, Douglas A et al. (2013) Maternal Disrupted Communication During Face-to-Face Interaction at 4 months: Relation to Maternal and Infant Cortisol Among at-Risk Families. Infancy 18:1111-1134|
|Lyons-Ruth, Karlen; Bureau, Jean-Francois; Easterbrooks, M Ann et al. (2013) Parsing the construct of maternal insensitivity: distinct longitudinal pathways associated with early maternal withdrawal. Attach Hum Dev 15:562-82|
|Brumariu, Laura E; Obsuth, Ingrid; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen (2013) Quality of attachment relationships and peer relationship dysfunction among late adolescents with and without anxiety disorders. J Anxiety Disord 27:116-24|
|Lyons-Ruth, Karlen; Bureau, Jean-Francois; Holmes, Bjarne et al. (2013) Borderline symptoms and suicidality/self-injury in late adolescence: prospectively observed relationship correlates in infancy and childhood. Psychiatry Res 206:273-81|
|Oliveira, Paula S; Soares, Isabel; Martins, Carla et al. (2012) INDISCRIMINATE BEHAVIOR OBSERVED IN THE STRANGE SITUATION AMONG INSTITUTIONALIZED TODDLERS: RELATIONS TO CAREGIVER REPORT AND TO EARLY FAMILY RISK. Infant Ment Health J 33:187-196|
|Pechtel, Pia; Woodman, Ashley; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen (2012) Early Maternal Withdrawal and Nonverbal Childhood IQ as Precursors for Substance Use Disorder in Young Adulthood: Results of a 20-Year Prospective Study. Int J Cogn Ther 5:316-329|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 33 publications