Child neglect is a serious public health concern that accounts for 64% of child-welfare referrals - more than physical or sexual abuse. Child neglect is associated with developmental delays, cognitive difficulties, delayed language development, social and emotional withdrawal, and low confidence and assertiveness in learning new tasks. As adults, neglected children are at increased risk for violence and criminal behavior and related problems. Thus, child neglect is a clear risk factor for poor individual developmental trajectories and for negative societal impact. Implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in child welfare systems has been very slow. Most neglect cases are served with non evidence-based in-home family preservation/family reunification (FP/FR) services, based on loose social support and case management. Safecare(R) is an EBP designed specifically to improve parent neglect behaviors. More than 60 publications support SafeCare efficacy or effectiveness. Implementation of SafeCare is also associated with reduced staff burnout and turnover. Results from two ongoing NIMH-funded studies of a statewide controlled-trial of SafeCare implementation in Oklahoma have yielded initial findings that some implementation features are critical (e.g., in vivo provider coaching). In this proposal, we will test a new and promising implementation approach developed for transporting EBPs like SafeCare into existing networks of community-based organizations. The implementation approach uses Interagency Collaborative Teams (ICTs) to develop local expertise in an EBP, to provide in-vivo coaching to therapists in training, and to counter common threats to implementation by distributing expertise, responsibility, and workload across multiple agencies. The ICT approach first develops an interagency team of exceptionally high quality. The initial ICT (seed team) then provides in-vivo coaching and training for sequential implementations at additional provider agencies. The ICT model is hypothesized to support transition away from reliance on intervention developers, while sustaining high levels of fidelity to the EBP model. This study takes advantage of a foundation-funded implementation of SafeCare in San Diego County, California. The proposed research will examine whether or not the ICT model can develop system- wide SafeCare expertise across all FP/FR service providers while maintaining high levels of model fidelity. We propose a mixed-methods (quantitative/qualitative) study to examine and describe the relationships between individual provider staff, system, and organizational factors, and processes and outcomes of the ICT approach.

Public Health Relevance

Child neglect is a serious public health concern responsible for poor child development and adult outcomes. This study will test an innovative model to implement an evidence-based child-neglect intervention. Interagency Collaborative Teams will be developed to provide local expertise distributed across agencies to train and coach service providers to high levels of evidence-based practice fidelity while reducing reliance on intervention developers.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01MH092950-02
Application #
8326511
Study Section
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health Study Section (DIRH)
Program Officer
Chambers, David A
Project Start
2011-07-01
Project End
2016-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$643,707
Indirect Cost
$148,167
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
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Green, Amy E; Dishop, Christopher R; Aarons, Gregory A (2016) Organizational Stress as Moderator of Relationship Between Mental Health Provider Adaptability and Organizational Commitment. Psychiatr Serv 67:1103-1108
Green, Amy E; Trott, Elise; Willging, Cathleen E et al. (2016) The role of collaborations in sustaining an evidence-based intervention to reduce child neglect. Child Abuse Negl 53:4-16
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Aarons, Gregory A; Ehrhart, Mark G; Torres, Elisa M et al. (2016) Validation of the Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS) in Substance use Disorder Treatment Organizations. J Subst Abuse Treat 68:31-5
Cafri, Guy; Hedeker, Donald; Aarons, Gregory A (2015) An introduction and integration of cross-classified, multiple membership, and dynamic group random-effects models. Psychol Methods 20:407-21
Powell, Byron J; Beidas, Rinad S; Lewis, Cara C et al. (2015) Methods to Improve the Selection and Tailoring of Implementation Strategies. J Behav Health Serv Res :
Willging, Cathleen E; Green, Amy E; Gunderson, Lara et al. (2015) From a ""perfect storm"" to ""smooth sailing"": policymaker perspectives on implementation and sustainment of an evidence-based practice in two states. Child Maltreat 20:24-36
Hurlburt, Michael; Aarons, Gregory A; Fettes, Danielle et al. (2014) Interagency Collaborative Team Model for Capacity Building to Scale-Up Evidence-Based Practice. Child Youth Serv Rev 39:160-168
Green, Amy E; Albanese, Brian J; Cafri, Guy et al. (2014) Leadership, organizational climate, and working alliance in a children's mental health service system. Community Ment Health J 50:771-7

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