A fundamental principle of biomedicine is that small molecules can bind to specific receptors to trigger physiological responses. We seek to understand the energetic nature of the molecular events that occur at the neurotransmitter binding sites of the neuromuscular acetylcholine receptor when this channel 'gates'between non-conducting and ion-conducting conformations. This knowledge will help us understand the biophysical mechanisms of ligand-protein complexes, and will advance our ability to design new drugs for nicotinic (and other) receptors. Structure-based drug discovery should incorporate the fact that drug action depends on the differential binding of ligands to inactive vs. active conformations of a receptor. To address this point we will use single-channel electrophysiology and kinetic analysis to study unliganded gating, which will allow us to measure all of the salient activation equilibrium constants and to ascertain the energetic contributions of the side chains at each of the two transmitter binding sites. We will also estimate differential binding energies for small ligand probes, in both wild type and mutant receptors. Eventually, this knowledge will be used to engineer acetylcholine receptors that respond predictably to arbitrary ligands.

Public Health Relevance

The experiments outlined in this project establish the fundamental principles for engineering a protein to respond in predictable ways to specific drugs. These principles can be applied to the development of new pharmaceuticals, and to understanding the mechanism by which a drug causes a protein to change shape.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01NS064969-04
Application #
8269918
Study Section
Biophysics of Neural Systems Study Section (BPNS)
Program Officer
Silberberg, Shai D
Project Start
2009-06-01
Project End
2014-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$336,290
Indirect Cost
$121,915
Name
State University of New York at Buffalo
Department
Physiology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
038633251
City
Buffalo
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
14260
Nayak, Tapan K; Auerbach, Anthony (2017) Cyclic activation of endplate acetylcholine receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:11914-11919
Gupta, Shaweta; Chakraborty, Srirupa; Vij, Ridhima et al. (2017) A mechanism for acetylcholine receptor gating based on structure, coupling, phi, and flip. J Gen Physiol 149:85-103
Bruhova, Iva; Auerbach, Anthony (2017) Molecular recognition at cholinergic synapses: acetylcholine versus choline. J Physiol 595:1253-1261
Nayak, Tapan Kumar; Chakraborty, Srirupa; Zheng, Wenjun et al. (2016) Structural correlates of affinity in fetal versus adult endplate nicotinic receptors. Nat Commun 7:11352
Auerbach, Anthony (2016) Dose-Response Analysis When There Is a Correlation between Affinity and Efficacy. Mol Pharmacol 89:297-302
Vij, Ridhima; Purohit, Prasad; Auerbach, Anthony (2015) Modal affinities of endplate acetylcholine receptors caused by loop C mutations. J Gen Physiol 146:375-86
Auerbach, Anthony (2015) Activation of endplate nicotinic acetylcholine receptors by agonists. Biochem Pharmacol 97:601-608
Purohit, Prasad; Chakraborty, Srirupa; Auerbach, Anthony (2015) Function of the M1 ?-helix in endplate receptor activation and desensitization. J Physiol 593:2851-66
Auerbach, Anthony (2015) Agonist activation of a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Neuropharmacology 96:150-6
Purohit, Prasad; Bruhova, Iva; Gupta, Shaweta et al. (2014) Catch-and-hold activation of muscle acetylcholine receptors having transmitter binding site mutations. Biophys J 107:88-99

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