The adult brain contains several distinct populations of cycling cells. Prominent among these is a large and widely distributed population of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells that express platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFR1). Normally these cells are non-migratory and slowly proliferating. However, they can be induced to proliferate massively when stimulated with PDGF. We have shown that infecting glial progenitors in the adult subcortical white matter with retroviruses that express PDGF-B will induce the formation of brain tumors that have the histological features of malignant gliomas. These tumors are composed of a mixture of retrovirus infected progenitors and reactive progenitors that have been driven to proliferate by PDGF stimulation. Furthermore, genetically deleting tumor suppressor genes PTEN or p53 greatly facilitates PDGF driven proliferation and glioma formation. The goal of this proposal is to characterize the role(s) of adult glial progenitors play in the formation and progression of gliomas, both as genetically transformed cells and as reactive cells in the tumor environment. We believe these studies will provide important insight into the basic mechanism that drive gliomagenesis.

Public Health Relevance

Oligodendrocyte progenitors are one of the largest populations of cycling cells in the adult brain. These cells have an inherent capacity to proliferate massively when stimulated with platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and genetic deletion of the tumor suppressor genes PTEN and p53 greatly facilitate their responsiveness to PDGF. Our goal is to characterize the role that adult oligodendrocyte progenitors play in the formation and progression of malignant gliomas.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01NS066955-04
Application #
8423048
Study Section
Cellular and Molecular Biology of Glia Study Section (CMBG)
Program Officer
Fountain, Jane W
Project Start
2010-02-01
Project End
2015-01-31
Budget Start
2013-02-01
Budget End
2014-01-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$333,064
Indirect Cost
$126,192
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Pathology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
621889815
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
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