Home Healthcare (HC) is one of the fastest growing industries in the U.S. and the trend will increase in the next decades. This reflects numerous factors: traditionally in-hospital medical procedures now performed at home, advances in technologies, healthcare cost containment, improved infection control, and the desire of most Americans to be cared for at home. At the same time, the U.S. population is living longer with multiple chronic conditions that require increasingly complex medical and personal home care. Little consideration has been given to the home as a workplace or to the occupational safety and health (OSH) hazards of HC workers. The objective of the proposed study is to assess qualitatively and quantitatively a broad range of OSH hazards experienced by HC workers, with a focus on aides, and to work with HC agencies, unions, and frontline workers to identify and disseminate effective OSH interventions. The research will build on a previous NIOSH- funded study, 2004-2008, and will expand an active network of HC industry and labor partners.

Public Health Relevance

This study aims to improve the occupational safety &health (OSH) of home care (HC) workers, a rapidly growing, under-studied, low-wage, diverse population. Insuring OSH in HC improves the health &safety of patient/clients, as well as that of workers. Timing is critical, as HC is one of the fastest growing industries, the U.S. population is aging, and complex medical and personal care is increasingly done at home.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01OH008229-07
Application #
8298049
Study Section
Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOH)
Program Officer
Frederick, Linda J
Project Start
2004-09-01
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$448,655
Indirect Cost
$140,387
Name
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Schools of Earth Sciences/Natur
DUNS #
956072490
City
Lowell
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
01854
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Kim, Hyun; Kriebel, David; Quinn, Margaret M et al. (2010) The Snowman: A model of injuries and near-misses for the prevention of sharps injuries. Am J Ind Med 53:1119-27
Kim, H; Kriebel, D (2009) Regression models for public health surveillance data: a simulation study. Occup Environ Med 66:733-9
Quinn, Margaret M; Markkanen, Pia K; Galligan, Catherine J et al. (2009) Sharps injuries and other blood and body fluid exposures among home health care nurses and aides. Am J Public Health 99 Suppl 3:S710-7
Chalupka, Stephanie M; Markkanen, Pia; Galligan, Catherine et al. (2008) Sharps injuries and bloodborne pathogen exposures in home health care. AAOHN J 56:15-29;quiz 31-2